What is C1 – C2 dislocation? Its symptoms and treatment methods.

The human body is made of millions of nerves and the spine is known to be one of the most sensitive visceral parts of the body! Any damage to the vertebrae can require extra care and treatment. The vertebrae are responsible for protecting the spinal cord, which is a bundle of nerves that relay messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Together, the spine and spinal cord are covered by a protective membrane, forming the spinal column. C1-C2 dislocation is a medical condition called Atlantoaxial subluxation. It is a condition in which the C1 and C2 vertebrae in the neck becomes slightly misaligned or dislocated due to both external or internal factors that may have caused the damage.
Atlantoaxial dislocation denotes the loss of balance between the two parts named as the atlas and axis (C1–C2), eventually turning in the loss of normal articulation. The atlantoaxial joints can lose solid articulation from inflammatory, idiopathic, traumatic or congenital abnormalities. This condition may occur in all age groups, however, atlantoaxial dislocation is found to be most commonly noticed amongst adolescents. It has been a source of research and studies through several years and scientists have been looking for options that can treat this condition with lesser abrasive and painless techniques.

Like any damage or injury to your body, Atlantoaxial subluxation also may occur in different levels or the injury’s level of damage may vary, subsequently differing the way of treating it. The degree of the dislocation often decides the level of treatment that it may require. In the case of a minor atlantoaxial subluxation, it is most often treated with a neck brace to aid in the immobilization of the neck which further allows the injured cervical joint to be at rest and recuperate adequately.

Here are some of the causes of Atlantoaxial dislocation:

  • Domestic fall
  • Sports Injury
  • Automobile or car accident
  • Osteoporosis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

Like every kind of health condition or disease, Atlantoaxial subluxation also has some noticeable symptoms. You must keep an eye out for these symptoms that may manifest themselves post any of the above-mentioned causes:

  • Severe neck pain that spreads to arms and legs
  • Chronic body pain
  • Stinging in the back or upper back region
  • Pain that resembles pins stabbing
  • Restricted range of movements
  • Inability to turn the neck comfortably

Owing to scientific advancements, there are several treatments that have been introduced to treat such cases. Treatments are categorized in different sections and each has its own way or procedure of treating the condition. Here are some of the treatments of Atlantoaxial subluxation:

  • Physical Therapy
  • Massage Therapy
  • Chiropractic Therapy
  • Physiotherapy
  • Usage of walker/therapeutic brace

Atlantoaxial subluxation must be attended to as immediately as possible since it can pose a potential threat to the other parts of the body or may cause complications in the nervous system leading to immobility or paralysis. With regular care, medication and the will to get out of the pain, you are more likely to treat Atlantoaxial subluxation at a more rapid pace!

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