Awareness on Organ Donation
Organ donation is the harvesting of an individual's organs after he or she dies, for the purpose of transplanting them into another person. The person who gives the organs is called a donor while the person who receives the organ is called a recipient. All of us can be organ donors, irrespective of age, caste, religion, community, current or past medical condition. Children can also be organ donors after taking consent for organ donation from their parents. A brain dead person carrying a donor card, still needs the approval of his family for organ donation. Family consent is the key here.The Trans-plantation of Human Organ Act clearly states that, it is mandatory to take the consent of the next of kin (patient, spouse, etc.) for organ donation of a brain dead person.
ORGAN DONATION PLEDGE
FAQS ON ORGAN DONATION
Which organ can be donated and when?
Vital organs like heart, liver, kidneys, intestines, lungs, pancreas, corneas, heart valves, skin, bones etc. can be donated in case of “brain death”only.
When must organs be removed?
Organs must be removed as soon as possible after the determination of brain death, while circulation is being maintained, tissues may be removed within 12 to 24 hours.
What is brain death?
Brain death results from a severe irreversible injury to the brain. All areas of brain are damaged and can no longer function, due to which a person cannot sustain his/her life, however the circulation is maintained.
Who certifies that a patient is brain dead?
Government rules state that a panel of doctors is needed to certify a brain death and that it cannot be done by a single doctor. The panel would consists of:
- Doctor nominated from a panel of Doctors appointed by the appropriate authority
- Neurolgist / Neurosurgeon / Intensivist nominated from a panel appointed by the appropriate authority
- The doctor who is treating the patient