Are you miserable about your deformed or protruding ears?

Deformed or protruding ears is a significant issue that is not often paid attention to until it becomes a source of distress. A child with prominent ears is often the target of bullying and then come comparisons to characters that are deformed in much larger proportions, the burden of which has to be carried throughout the childhood.

Deformed or protruding ears can be a cause of great psychological distress for both children and adults, whoever be the sufferer. Due to insecurities that stem from aesthetically displeasing ears, most patients seek plastic surgery. However recent advancements have made it possible to get rid of prominent ears without having to suffer excruciating pain.

 

Causes of protruding ear

  • Genetics: Genes have a big role to play when it comes to this ailment as people with prominent ears often share this with others in the family.
  • Present from birth: Most ear deformities are congenital, meaning they are present from birth.
  • Injury: In rare cases, protruding ear may also develop from trauma or disease.

 

Treatment for the protruding ear:

  • For children under 6 months of age, non-surgical methods are used to treat protruding ear
  • Otoplasty: For older children and adults, surgical intervention is required. In this procedure, the anatomical deformity is determined and is performed under general anesthesia. Otoplasty has been known to achieve remarkable results, the only downside being the extent of pain suffered by the patient as the cartilage goes under the knife for repairing the shape of the ear.
  • Implants: Now a brand new procedure that is a 20-minute painless incision is being opted by more and more patients. In this, implants are inserted under local anesthesia that corrects the ears’ prominence. What makes this procedure special is the rapidity, as well as immediate correction.

 

Protruding ears are found in both genders equally, and do not lead to or are associated with any other syndrome. However psychologically, protruding or deformed ears can make life miserable. Speak with your medical practitioner over what course of treatment to take to get rid of prominent ears, and build your life anew. 

How does an antibiotic work? How long does it take to start showing its effects?

Back in the day bacteria were considered to be fatal. Before antibiotics were invented infected wounds with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, tuberculosis and pneumonia bacterias were major causes of death. When antibiotics started getting prescribed, the bacterial infections plummeted and were no more a cause of death.

What is an antibiotic? 

Antibiotics are chemical substances derived from microorganisms or living system to inhibit the growth of harmful microorganisms or destroy them completely. They work only on bacteria and cannot treat viruses like the flu.

When bacteria enter our body, white blood cells (WBC) start attacking the harmful bacteria and destroy them even before a person starts seeing any symptoms. Our immune system is capable of fighting off the infection on its own. However, in certain cases, the number of harmful bacteria is so high that the immune system can’t fight them on its own. That is when a person needs to take antibiotics.

How does an antibiotic work?

Different infections can be treated using different antibiotics that vary chemically. Below are some of the ways how antibiotics destroy bacteria:

  1. Affect the cell structure of a bacteria: They do this by either weakening the cell walls forcing the cells to burst or damage the cell membranes causing a leakage of bacterial cells.
  2. Interfere in the metabolism of a bacteria: Some antibiotics interfere with protein synthesis while some inhibit nucleic acid biosynthesis to destroy the bacteria.

Doctors may suggest antibiotics that can be used to treat a wide range of infections or antibiotics used to treat specific infections. Some antibiotics work against aerobic(that needs oxygen) bacteria and some against anaerobic (that doesn’t need oxygen) bacteria.

For infections on the skin surface, eye or ear, antibiotics can be used in the form of a cream or an ointment. In case of an internal infection, the antibiotics can be taken orally or via an injection where they enter the bloodstream.

How long does it take for antibiotics to start working?

Antibiotics start working immediately after consumption, but it takes 3-4 days to start showing its effects. Complete recovery from an infection after taking antibiotics varies from person to person. Also, the kind of infection being treated determines the time taken to treat the infection.

Usually, antibiotics are prescribed for a period of 7-14 days, only a doctor can describe the exact time and type of antibiotic needed by a person to treat an infection. It is always advised to visit a doctor before starting on any type of antibiotics as they are more effective when used as per doctor’s advice.

Even though there is a noticeable improvement in one’s health, one should always complete the antibiotics course in order to fully treat the infection. Stopping antibiotics earlier than prescribed can lead to antibiotic resistance.

What is antibiotic resistance?

Bacterias that are not completely destroyed by antibiotics can change their form to resist the attack on its cell walls are known to have antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance is becoming one of the major problems globally. An estimated 750,000 people die from antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) infections or antibiotic resistance every year. After a series of reports on AMR, the British Government estimates around ten million deaths annually by 2050.

A campaign named Red Line in India demands a use of red line mark on prescription only antibiotics to discourage the over-the-counter sale of antibiotics.

Remember taking antibiotics when they are not needed, not prescribed, not completing the course and continuing the usage for a long time can all lead to antibiotic resistance. It is always advised to visit a doctor and avoid the usage of over-the-counter antibiotics to contribute and prevent the growing problem of antibiotic resistance.

What are the early signs of diabetes? How can you prevent it?

Diabetes is one of the most common and rampant conditions all over the world and has experienced a steep rise in the last decade in India. It may not be categorized as a deadly disease by itself but it has the potential to affect or inflict grave danger to other parts of the body. Diabetes is technically a lifestyle disorder more than it is a disease. It is a condition where people don’t produce much or the required amount of insulin to meet the threshold. Most often it causes their cell to cease from responding. Insulin is significant because it moves glucose, which is a simple sugar, into the body’s cells from the blood. Any food that we consume, provides the body with glucose, which is utilized by the cells as a source of energy. The lack of insulin or any disruption in the utilization of insulin results in the sedimentation of it in one’s blood. High blood glucose levels are toxic, and cells that don’t get glucose are lacking the fuel they need to function properly. It is also called as Hyperglycemia.

 

There are two forms of diabetes and they are:

Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 occurs when the pancreas cannot make insulin and the latter occurs when the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body does not use insulin properly.

 

Diabetes is developed by various people and can be identified by the early signs of the condition. These are some of the most common signs of diabetes:

 

  • Increased sense of hunger or thirst
    Frequent urination results in over dehydration which then causes constant thirst and the lack of their food converting into energy is highly common implying they feel hungry quite frequently.
  • Dramatic weight fluctuations
    Constant hunger implies the need to eat frequently which in turn adds more weight to the person’s body and weight loss might happen when the person is not gaining much energy from what they consume.
  • Having a dry mouth at all times
    This is also directly related to your body being constantly drained out.
  • Constant  or frequent urination
    When the blood sugar levels rise, the kidneys tend to eliminate the excess sugar by filtering it out of the blood. This might result in the person frequently urinating.
  • Prolonged fatigue and lethargy
    This tiredness occurs as a result of insufficient sugar moving from the bloodstream into the body’s cells.
  • Headaches followed by blurred vision
    An excess of sugar in one’s blood can harm the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, which can cause blurry vision.
  • Nausea
  • Anxiousness or jittery behavior

Type 2 diabetes often comes with no visible warnings and that is why people with genetics that lead back to diabetes, pancreatic disorders, overweight people must take extra precaution at the earliest to keep themselves safe and relatively less prone to developing it as it cannot be completely ruled out of one’s life especially once they have developed it. Diabetes tends to a condition that lasts a lifetime.

At the moment, type 1 diabetes is not entirely preventable. Nonetheless, studies have pointed that preventive measure taken to reduce or banish the likelihood of developing the condition is highly possible by affirming to lifestyle changes which include weight management, eating a healthy diet and regularly exercising. Medical assistance is definitely available that helps balance the body’s insulin or glucose level but the effect of it can only be amplified with dedication towards your health and hard work. However, these are the staple advice given to most people who may be concerned about having diabetes:

 

  • Maintaining a healthy exercise regime is imperative.
  • Avoiding packaged, preservative-laden foods.
  • Reducing/avoiding smoking or drinking alcohol
  • Consciously choosing what is good for the body and keeping a check on your weight

Diabetes can be a lifetime condition but it can be of no harm if you keep yourself on guard with regards to your health. Start a healthy and prompt lifestyle at the earliest, avoid or reduce indulging in habits or practices that may have a direct influence on your body which may later impose a health risk. Change your lifestyle for good and your life will be changed forever!

Early signs of Parkinson’s Disease

A neurological movement disorder that is caused due to an anomaly in one’s nervous system, especially the brain and its different parts. This illness is typical of shakiness and visible reduction in seamless and free movement of one’s limbs. It is also significantly characterised by shakiness in the hands, tremors, lack of flexibility, cramps and muscle stiffness. Parkinson’s disease is also noticed predominantly rampant amongst the elderly population particularly those above the age of 60 years. The disease most often affects one side of the person’s body more intensely than the other.

Although highly common amongst older people, it often is not clearly understood by masses due it is subtle or unnoticeable early signs of development. This article intends to impart important information regarding Parkinson’s Disease and the early signs of the disease so that you are well-informed for any unforeseen instance that may occur to you or your near and dear ones.

This particular disease is highly prevalent amongst elderly people and some of the most commonly noticed early symptoms are as follows:

  • Stiffness in limbs or slow movement (bradykinesia)
  • A significantly stooped posture
  • Uncontrollable,  movements during sleep
  • Tremors in hands or foot
  • Cramped handwriting or other writing changes

The above-mentioned symptoms are further elucidated along with various other symptoms for the further understanding of how and why they may occur in people affected by the disease, Parkinson’s.

  • Change in handwriting
    A significant change in the size of your handwriting could be an early indicator of the Parkinson’s disease as it is common for people suffering from the disease to lose or lack control over their hands/fingers that result in hindering their writing skills. The lack of coordination of the brain and fluctuating signals sent to the brain cause the person to lose finer motor skills thus affecting their writing skills.
  • Stiffness & Slow movement
    Most people suffering from PD complain of stiffness in their muscles especially in the limbs and feet along with slowing down of movements in the limbs in general.
    Stiffness of the limbs (rigidity) and slow movement (bradykinesia) appear early on with PD. These manifestations are induced by the impairment of the neurons that regulate movement. Someone suffering of PD is likely to suffer from constant jerking of the body parts and  may also develop a characteristic called the “shuffling gait.”
  • Tremors
    Tremor is one of the most common and perhaps the most identifiable sign of Parkinson’s disease and is characterized by a slight twitching movement or shaking of a finger, hand, or the foot. This shaking motion is likely to graduate into a more noticeable one, as the condition progresses and is easily detected when the person is at rest.
  • Sleep disorders or Insomnia
    It’s a whole world of frustration when it comes to a person sleeping after being affected by the Parkinson’s disease. Uncontrollable movements, that are involuntary occur on a regular basis. Thrashing, kicking, swinging your arms, and rolling out of the bed can be indications of a serious problem.
  • Masking
    Parkinson’s disease can affect the actual facial expressions along with one’s gross and fine motor skills. They may also have a “blank look” most of the time and this phenomenon is called masking. The condition can take control of small muscles in the face highly difficult making it difficult to even blink or smile.
  • Posture
    Postures don’t change overnight and they change in small ways at first, and will gradually worsen. It may begin with a stooped posture such as slouching or leaning and they qualify as an early indicator of PD. It is directly related to the loss of coordination and balance affecting the body.

There are several other early signs of the Parkinson’s Disease and these are the most predominantly noticed early signs of the disease that you must keep an eye out for especially if you inhabit with persons belonging to the age group who might be likely to develop this disease.

What causes tremors in the Parkinson’s disease?

There are several health conditions and diseases that prevail arbitrarily but are often unseen or are unnoticed due to the lack of awareness or the right knowledge about some of these conditions leading to the failure of detecting such cases.

Parkinson’s disease is one such disease that may be rampant yet lacks full awareness regarding the same. It is a progressive nervous system ailment that generally affects a person’s movement. Symptoms vary from one person to another and often begin at the limbs. One of the most commonly noticed symptoms in a person diagnosed with Parkinson’s Disease is tremors. The tremors are further followed by stiffness or slowing of physical movement.

One of the most noticeable forms of tremors of Parkinson’s is the ‘resting tremors’. The cause of these tremors is often associated with the complex interactions between multiple factors. An observable anomaly in the cognitive activity that includes substantia nigra, thalamus and the basal ganglia results in the consecutive changes in the level of the neurotransmitters named dopamine alongside its actions. Since they are known to be correlated and work in tandem with one another, any alteration in these processes causes a high possibility of tremors. These tremors are predominantly occurring or affect the arms, jaws, legs or the feet and they are significantly prominent on one side than the other.

These are some characteristics of the Parkinson’s Disease’s tremors that you might need to be aware of:

  • Tremors of Parkinson’s Disease typically occur when at rest and stop with voluntary action and they recur until you hold the new position that you may have decided to settle with.
  • The tremors are known to affect one’s hand in the earlier stages before it affects any other part of the body and visually appears as if you are rolling a tiny object between your index finger and the thumb. This motion is the reason why it’s called the pin-rolling tremor.
  • Shaking tremors are yet another type of tremors that people with Parkinson’s Disease are affected with which often results in hands and fingers trembling or shaking involuntarily.

The most common query regarding this disease is “What causes the tremors?”

Researchers claim that one of the pivotal causes of Parkinson’s disease is due to the decrease in the level of dopamine, an eminent neurotransmitter that aids motor movements of the body. When someone is affected by PD, the substantia nigra, a dedicated region of the brain stem for production of dopamine get affected and ceases to function. The drop in dopamine levels is observed to have commenced years before the onset of the disease in an individual. This subsequently affects different aspects of movements such as:

  • Voluntary Movements
    Activities such as holding a pen or a cup fall under voluntary movements and it generally is known to receives and responds to dopamine, and, when there is a drop in the level of dopamine, it doesn’t allow one you to function as it should.
  • Complex Movements
    The thalamus and the subthalamic nucleus is responsible for allowing you to perform slightly complex tasks such as stirring sugar with a spoon, zipping a big, etc. When the levels of dopamine reach a critically low level, the thalamus loses its normal regulatory input disabling you to perform these tasks with seamlessness.
  • Coordinated Movements
    The cerebellum is known to aid in coordination, while the motor portion of your cerebral cortex regulates voluntary movements of your body. Both these parts receive signals about your body’s position from the thalamus and perform these coordinated physical movements. Lack of the signal reaching your brain leads to tremors while performing complex tasks.

It may appear that dopamine is the only reason why one might suffer from tremors of the Parkinson’s Disease but it may not be the case entirely. Science is trying to find more accurate reasons and causes for which these tremors may occur. However, there are several treatments available for this disease which include medications that increase and improve the action of dopamine, along with some surgical interventions. In case, you have PD, you must know that there is a lot of research and progress that’s being made in identifying the causes and generating new treatment options to help manage the symptoms of your condition.

What is vertigo? How can it impact your lifestyle?

If you have been feeling off balance off late, chances are you might have vertigo. A person suffering from vertigo has a false sense of spinning dizziness. In this, the person feels that they are spinning, or that the world around them is spinning. It is not as commonly believed a fear of heights, but can occur when looking down from a great height. There are various reasons why a person may start to show vertigo symptoms:

Causes of vertigo

Vertigo most typically happens when there is something wrong with the inner ear, brain or the sensory nerve pathway.

Most common causes of vertigo are:

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): This is a problem in the inner ear, that sends signals to the head and body regarding movements in keeping in tune with gravity. BPPV means that tiny calcium particles have collected in the canals of the inner ear.

Labyrinthus: Technically known as vestibular neuritis, this happens due to a viral infection in the inner ear that weaken nerves important for the body sense balance.

Meniere’s disease: Due to the buildup of fluid and changing pressure in the inner ear, a person might start to feel giddy. In this, vertigo might be followed by ringing in the ears and even hearing loss.

However, there are some less common causes that people have reported like:

  • Head or neck injury
  • A migraine headache
  • Stroke or tumour
  • Medications that might have caused ear damage

 

Symptoms of vertigo

Vertigo can be a symptom of other conditions or has a set of specific symptoms of its own. Common symptoms include:

  • Spinning or swaying
  • A feeling of being tilted or pulled to one direction
  • Unbalanced
  • Feeling nauseated
  • Abnormal or jerking eye movements
  • Sweating
  • Ringing in the ears

 

How does vertigo impact your life?

Vertigo can happen at any age, but it is the age group of 65 years and above that most exhibits this condition. Vertigo may come and go – it can be a temporary or long-term. Persistent vertigo is often linked to mental health issues and may require medication. Vertigo can hinder day to day functioning and could lead to anxiety and even depression if not dealt with properly.

 

How can vertigo be treated?

Most commonly, vertigo comes and goes. But treatment would depend on the cause. Medication to treat the underlying cause definitely helps. Physical therapy might also be prescribed to strengthen the vestibular system. In rare cases, inner surgery is carried out to treat patients with intractable benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).

The outlook for people suffering from vertigo is certainly positive with some lifestyle changes involved. These people should refrain from driving. Certain changes can be made at home and cane can be employed while walking to prevent falls. They are also advised getting up slowly, and not making sudden changes in head position!

What are the boils? Are home remedies enough to treat them?

Our body is constituent of various small and big compositions of several liquids, molecules and particles and the harmonical synthesis of these creates an equilibrium that our body follows and adheres to, however, an abnormality or disruption in any aspect of our internal bodily often causes changes in our body and its appearances that is most often quite noticeable! Boils can occur to anyone at almost any age but the younger you are, the more likely you may be to getting boils on your skin!

This article aims to shed light on a topic that is most commonly searched about on the web and is a frequent phenomenon in both men and women- occurrence of boils. To understand why such a thing transpires in our system, we need to delve into what it is and how it is caused.

 

So, what are boils?

The simplest way to define a boil is a minor skin infection in one’s hair follicles or in the oil gland that causes redness and slight swelling followed by a pus formation inside the lump caused by the skin infection. They can occur or appear in any part of the body and the most common place of occurrence is the face, armpits, thighs and eyes which is referred to as a “sty”.

 

What causes boils?

Staphylococcal bacteria is often the cause for most of the boils one gets. It’s basically a germ that enters the hair follicles through pores or smaller nicks and cuts on the surface of one’s body causing an irritation, leading to a pus formation in most cases. The size of a pus may vary from one person to another, the area affected or the size of one’s pores. Boils may also be prevalent in those who have a particular type of skin that attracts more external particles or dust towards them such as those with an oily skin or a combination skin type.

 

What are the symptoms & who are more likely to be affected?

Boils usually appear as tiny red lumps, that are slightly hard to touch and painful in most cases. The size of the boil generally increases almost up to two-three times its initial size in a couple of days time and gradually tends to form a pus inside it!

People in their initial puberty stage are likely to get boils more often, people who are diabetic might suffer from boils, someone lacking a particular nutrient or an undernourished person is also likely to be susceptible to getting boils and those who tend to be on the oilier side of things also might be prone to boils a bit more than the rest. Pregnant women, smokers, alcoholics, and women in menopause are also more vulnerable to getting boils.

 

Is it harmful & are home remedies enough to treat them?

No, boils alone may not be a harmful condition. They are almost a part and parcel of everyone’s life and usually come and reduce on their own. A large number of people also turn towards natural and homemade remedies to treat boils and are often quite effective! The right ingredients in the right measurements are highly likely to treat the boil and help reduce or completely eradicate the boil and most people choose these remedies as they are easily available, inexpensive and most importantly, they are effective! However, home remedies such as applying honey, calcium, toothpaste, curd, etc can be highly useful for those whose boils are temporary and have not been prevalent for a long time. It is imperative, however, to consult a doctor if it’s a recurring and painful occurrence each time. The following are signs or indications for seeking medical assistance:

  • If you get a fever
  • The boil turns extremely red and painful
  • If the pus does not naturally drain out
  • If another boil erupts beside the first one
  • If the boil turns bigger and red streaks appear around it

 

Boils may not be harmful by themselves but can be a potential indication that your body is going through some kind of a change internally and must be addressed immediately as ignoring a big, painful or recurring boil can lead to some other health condition eventually. It is best to treat your skin with care, using natural and chemical-free products as much as possible and by eating healthy and a balanced meal.

Diarrhoea during periods. Is there cause for worry?

Did you know that though menstruation is a common phenomenon for most woman, it’s very different from one person to another? Each woman goes through menstruation but the experience or feeling is varied depending on several other things! Menstruation is a symbolic process that transpires in a woman’s body once she hits puberty as it’s the body’s way of communicating to you that it is now prepared to produce fertile eggs and can bear children henceforth. Menstruation, however, comes with various mild to moderate issues along with it that are known to cause slight distress and pain in women. Symptoms range from soreness in the breasts, gas formation, loose motions/diarrhoea, nausea, bloating, stomach cramps and several similar conditions. All of which are natural and do not pose any threat to the body when occurring in a regular timeline, however, any irregularity or change in the flow of period blood needs to monitor and consulted by an authorized gynecologist immediately.

The menstrual cycle of some women may change or face some irregularity in cases where the woman is under some sort of medication that may have a direct effect on her hormonal balance, etc and one must be sure to understand all the side effects that any medication they are prescribed may have before consuming them. One such symptom that is highly noticeable in women during their menstruation period is diarrhoea and this article is mainly focussed on discussing whether diarrhoea during periods is normal or if there’s something that you should be worried about!

 

What causes Menstrual Diarrhoea?

Menstrual diarrhoea is not a concrete process or mechanism that has been pinpointed with a specific cause by researchers and doctors, however, changes in hormone levels are believed to be the factor responsible for these gastrointestinal symptoms related to your menstrual cycle.

It is believed to have been caused by a chemical named as prostaglandin, that gets released during the time of menstruation and it stimulates a contractile activity in the colon, which can lead to further lead to diarrhoea. Another reason as to why women excrete more often during their menstrual cycle is due to the fall of progesterone levels in their body alongside the contractions in the uterus that ceases the blood flow for a short span causing pain in most cases. Prostaglandin is known to be the main cause for pain and cramps and it is a lipid that your body uses to prevent loss of blood and promotes clotting. It helps by making the blood vessels narrow down causing contractions and after the ovulation period, the periphery of your uterus is flooded with prostaglandins. Which is when this tissue disintegrates and you begin to menstruate, the prostaglandins have released that signal to smooth muscle tissue in the uterus internally.

 

Is it harmful or a cause of worry?

No! Not unless it is in moderation and does not cause you extreme pain, discomfort or bleeding. There might be spots or traces of blood during your menstruation but that is natural especially during that time of the month, however, if the bleeding from your anus or the amount of blood in your feces is noticeably more or drastic then it is best to get it checked as it may be an indication of some other health problem that you may be suffering from. The real reason why you might have an irritable bowel movement during your periods is that, when you’re on your period, your body is not producing enough progesterone which leads to discrepancies in both your uterus and your gastrointestinal tract moving much more freely causing an unregulated flow of excreta. As most gynecologists suggest, menstrual diarrhoea is a natural phenomenon and does not have to concern you immensely!

Menstruation is dealt in different ways by different people and that’s how the world works but it is also a precious span of a woman’s life as some may believe that it is when a girl truly becomes a woman! This natural process may cause some disruptions to a woman’s regular life for a few days every month but it surely has a great pay off when you think of the fact that it ensures that your body is regularly filtering out the unused eggs and replacing it with a set of new ones, so you can bear a child when you are completely ready for it!

Breast cancer is not a women’s disease. Want to know why?

If you know a little bit about a human’s anatomy, you would be aware that structurally we are all very similar. Every egg is born as a female and a distinct reaction or process then determines whether it turns into a female or a male fetus. This is precisely why men also have nipples but the extent of which they are formed or sized vary from that of women! Breasts are what females are bestowed with and the same is referred to as “chest” for men. However, in this article, we talk about breast cancer and how it is not only a “woman’s disease” but can be as threatening to men, even if the chances of occurrence are rare. It aims to clear the fog around it being a woman’s condition and help spread more awareness regarding the condition that can be as risky to either gender.

Breast cancer is commonly associated with women for obvious reasons but it is quite possible for men to be detected with breast cancer as well. Although rare, about 350 men get detected with breast cancer in the UK, suggests studies.

 

To be able to identify if you or a loved one is showing signs of breast cancer, it is important to know the following sign:

  • A lump formation in the armpits, chest or nipple area
  • Dimpled or puckered skin.
  • The appearance of red, scaly nipple or skin.
  • Noticing any type of fluid discharge from the nipples.

 

The Male Breast Cancer Study researched and found more about what causes it and identified its risk factor based on the genders. The lack of awareness regarding the subject is quite often the reason why a lot of men carry a stigma around the same, however, here are things that you must know about the risks involved in breast cancer in men:

  • Exposure to radiation.
  • Being developed with diseases that raise estrogen levels
  • It may also be hereditary and depend on having more than one female relative detected with breast cancer.
  • A sedentary lifestyle may also add to the risks especially if you are extremely obese

 

Breast cancer may not be completely avoidable or prevented but there are several habits and ways in which you can drastically reduce the chance of being detected with any form of cancer. The ways in which you can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer are:

  • Avoid/Do not indulge in smoking. It is a world known fact that smoking contains carcinogens apart from a range of other harmful chemicals that aid cancer.
  • Limited alcohol consumption is advised.
  • Watch your weight from an early age, avoid eating heavily processed foods, saturated fats and chemical-laden food items that aid in weight gain.
  • Live and follow a healthy and sustainable lifestyle, avoid being exposed to direct pollution for a prolonged time span.
  • Do not engage in extensive hormone therapy

 

As common as it is to hear about breast cancer under a cloud of pink, due to its overly gendered approach, it is essential that we make ourselves informed about the truth of this fatal condition so that we can share this knowledge and help those who need to know about this and become aware of it. A healthy lifestyle is one of the most basic yet most ignored factors in our lives which when taken care of, can reduce the risk of developing a lot of health conditions and diseases!

What is Iodine Deficiency Disorder(IDD)? It’s symptoms and treatment methods

Loss of any kind of vitamins and minerals in the body can lead to complications, most often avoidable. The loss of iodine is no exception. Certain amount of iodine is needed in the body for it to carry out important functions – like making a chemical known as thyroid hormone. Low levels of iodine in the body can cause abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, along with other problems relating to the gland. This usually happens with adults. In children, it causes mental disabilities.

How much iodine does the body require?

Since the body can’t naturally make iodine, one should make sure that they include iodine in their diet. There are several types of eatables, including iodized salt, that contain iodine and should be consumed on a regular basis. These foods include fish, eggs, nuts, meats, seaweed, bread and dairy products.

While adults should consume 150 micrograms (mcg) of iodine per day, pregnant and breastfeeding women need 200 mcg per day. However, even after consuming the daily required dosage of iodine, some poeple fall prey to this disease when their bodies are not capable of correctly processing iodine!

What are the symptoms of IDD?

  • Hypothyroidism which is low levels of thyroid hormones. This comes with signs such as fatigue, puffy face, thinning hair, pain or stiffness in the joints, constipation, dry skin, weight gain, elevated blood cholesterol levels and sometimes even depression.

  • In infants, it can also show up in the form of frequent choking, large tongue or extreme sleepiness.

  • As for children, this condition causes poor growth and development as well as delayed puberty.

  • Swelling of the thyroid gland causing a visible lump called goitre on the neck.

  • Cognitive symptoms, most often in children that include low IQ and other forms of mental impairment reducing intellectual capacity at home, school or work.

How can IDD be treated?

IDD is a fairly preventable disease and easily treatable when caught early. Most poeple can tackle it by changing their diet and adding iodine supplements to it. Adding potassium supplements helps in better absorption of iodine in the body, so look to add some potassium iodide and potassium iodate supplements as well. But make sure you don’t exceed the required dosage of 150mcg of iodine per day!

What are the complications if left untreated?

  • People who suffer from iodine deficiency the most include vegans, vegetarians and pregnant women.

  • Iodine deficiency disorders when left untreated can jeopardize children’s mental health and often their very survival.

  • IDD complications during pregnancy can lead to stillbirth and spontaneous abortion.

  • Cretinism is a grave and irreversible form of mental retardation that affects people living in iodine-deficient areas of Africa and Asia.

  • Myxedema is also a rare and life-threatening complication of hypothyroidism that is caused by iodine deficiency.

IDD has been affecting about 2 billion people worldwide and today, we are on the verge of eliminating it from the world. This is being touted as one of the major triumphs in public healthcare sector.