Being obese isn’t just a cosmetic issue; it greatly increases the risk for other health problems. Obesity leads to metabolic syndrome which is a group of risk factors that raises the risk for heart disease and other health problems, such as diabetes and stroke. Weight loss surgery in India has given hope to many obese people and has helped in reversing obesity-related health problems.
Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke
As the body mass index rises, the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke increases. CHD is a condition in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart. Plaque can narrow or block the coronary arteries and reduce blood flow to the heart muscle which can cause chest pain or heart attack. If an area of plaque ruptures and cause a blood clot to form and if the clot is close to the brain, it can block the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain and cause a stroke. Obesity can also lead to heart failure, a serious condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.
High Blood Pressure
Obesity increases the risk of developing high blood pressure. If blood pressure stays high over time, it can damage the body in many ways.
Type 2 Diabetes
Being obesity exerts extra stress on the body in a variety of ways, including the body’s ability to maintain proper blood glucose levels. In fact, being obese can cause the body to become resistant to insulin. The prolonged effects of the insulin resistance can eventually cause type 2 diabetes. Diabetes increases the risk of CHD, stroke, kidney disease, and blindness.
Obesity increases the risk of having abnormal levels of blood fats. These include high levels of triglycerides and LDL cholesterol and low levels of HDL cholesterol. Abnormal levels of these blood fats are a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases.
Being obese raises the risk for colon, breast, endometrial, and gallbladder cancers.
Osteoarthritis is a common joint problem of the knees, hips, and lower back. The condition occurs if the tissue that protects the joints wears away. Extra weight can exert more pressure on joints resulting in wear and tear causing excruciating pain.
Sleep Apnoea and Snoring
Obesity causes sleep apnoea and snoring as excess fat stored around the neck narrows down the airway, making it hard to breathe. Sleep apnoea can cause high blood pressure, stress and sleeplessness that can be detrimental to health.
Obesity can cause menstrual issues and infertility in women.
All these conditions results in reduced life expectancy in obese people. In fact, the heavier the individual weighs and the younger the age, greater is the effect on the health. Weight loss surgery in India is usually recommended to obese people with one or more metabolic syndromes. Fight obesity and win back health and longevity.