Rare Cancer- Real Trouble

Carcinophobia could grip anyone who figures out that there are more than 200 different types of cancer that develop from different types of cells in different parts of the body.  Some of these cancers are termed ‘rare’ because fewer than 2 in 100,000 people are diagnosed with it each year.

On medical terms, a cancer could be considered rare if it develops in an unusual site in the body

  • Retinoblastoma that develops from the immature cells of a retina
  • Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans develops in  the deep layers of the skin
  • Male breast cancer
  • Heart cancer
  • Esthesioneuroblastoma involving nasal cavity .

Cancer is also termed rare if it needs specialized treatment procedures.

  • Angiosarcoma of the breast is treated differently to most other breast cancers.
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor which needs specialized treatment when compared to the other common cancers of the digestive tract.

Rare cancers seem like vampires; scary, unheard of, with little or no information available. Many feel isolated because they are less likely to meet other people with the same type, thus denying any chances of sharing experiences or finding support.  In some cases, the patient may need to travel to a specialist hospital or doctor for treatment. Coping with rare cancer is a real challenge.  Inaccurate or delayed diagnosis is a major obstacle for the proper treatment of such patients with which could lead to poor prognosis.

Surgical Oncology

Overview Of Cancer Treatment

Best hospital for cancer treatment in India  categorise oncology in different levels but surgical oncology, on simple terms, deals with the surgical management of tumours and cancerous tumours. With advancement in medicine, this branch has evolved and has proven to be the cause for a lot of breakthroughs in medicine. Oncology and its many branches, in the lay man’s view can get very confusing to understand. Therefore,  best hospital for cancer treatment in India usually categorise oncology itself on the following levels:

  • Medical oncology specializes in treating cancer with chemotherapy (the use of drugs to kill cancer cells, usually by stopping the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide) or other medications, such as therapy and oral (in pill form) chemotherapy.

Best hospital for cancer treatment in india vikram hospital showing the process of chemothrapy

  • Surgical oncology specializes in the removal of the tumour and surrounding tissue during an operation. A surgical oncologist also performs biopsies (the removal of a small amount of tissue for examination under a microscope).

Best hospital for cancer treatment in india ie vikram hospital showing biopsy

  • Radiation oncology specializes in treating cancer with radiation therapy (the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to kill cancer cells).

Best hospital for cancer treatment in India vikram hospital showing the way to do radiation

Role Of Oncologist

On the whole, oncologists are responsible for the care of patients, right from cancer diagnosis to the treatment of course of the disease. The oncologist’s role includes –

  • Explaining cancer diagnosis and stages (a description of where the cancer is located, if or where it has spread, and whether it is affecting other parts of the body) to the patient
  • Checking out the treatment options and suggesting the best course of treatment
  • Making sure that high-quality, expert care is delivered
  • Helping in the maintenance of the patient’s quality of life by managing cancer-related pain and other symptoms or treatment side effects, such as constipation, nausea and vomiting, and fatigue


As one of the many technologies the management of cancer, the specialty of surgical oncology, with innovations in modern medicine is largely coming up as cancer treatment with a chance of success. This has evolved in steps similar to medical oncology (pharmacotherapy for cancer), which in turn grew out of haematology. To further the reach and consolidate success, The Ewing Society known today as the Society of Surgical Oncology was started by surgeons interested in promoting the field of oncology. Despite not having a specialty Board certification, this specialty coming to its own by the success of combined treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and targeted biologic treatments. Moreover, the convergence of cancer centres will continue to better the field, and developments in minimally invasive techniques, palliative surgery, and neo-adjuvant treatments. While looking up for the  best hospital  for cancer treatment in India, it is highly recommended that you consider the above factors and make a well evaluated choice that will help you come back to your feet in no time.You can get more clear view by watching this video.


Cancer Fighter- Vitamin D

Vitamin D Intake Away From Medical Oncology

Vitamin D is a cancer prevention source. Low vitamin D intake and higher risks of cervicalbreast and colorectal cancers are often inter-linked. Researchers believe that Vitamin D is a cancer fighter that may interrupt the growth of abnormal cells, help kill cancer cells and help reduce blood supply to tumours.

Generally, researchers at Medical Oncology Hospital in India are of the opinion that people take about 1000 IUs of Vitamin D, on a daily basis. Spending about 15 minutes in the sun has proven to be beneficial as well.

Benefits Of Vitamin D

Further, as an important compound the body that regulates calcium and phosphorus in the body, Vitamin D is a health essential. It uses calcium to help build bones and keep them strong. Also, Vitamin D is beneficial to tissues in the body, including the kidneys, intestines and parathyroid glands.


Sources Of Vitamin D

Medical Oncology hospital in India

Sources of vitamin D

Another welcome fact is how Vitamin D is found in palatable food. Vitamin D is largely found in salmon, mackerel, tuna, sardines, as well as in cod liver oil and other fish liver oil. Small but significant amounts are found in beef liver, cheese, and egg yolks too.

Experts have often argued how vitamin D is more of a hormone than a vitamin, as the body makes its own vitamin D if the skin gets enough ultraviolet (UV) rays from sunlight.

Forms Of Vitamin D

The human body can actually store several forms of vitamin D. Vitamin D3 is the form that is the skin itself produces.  Vitamin D2 (calciferol) and D3 (cholecalciferol) can be absorbed from food. The liver transforms D2 and D3 into calcidiol, also called 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25 hydroxycholecalciferol). This form of Vitamin D usually stays for several weeks in the blood and that is what doctors generally look at when they test for a person’s vitamin D levels. The active form of vitamin D aids the intestine in absorbing more calcium and phosphorus and promotes bone mineralization.

Thus studies suggest that risk of developing certain types of cancer is significantly lesser in people who have higher levels of vitamin D in their bodies. However, there is always a risk of over-exposure to Sun and skin cancer risk. Therefore, ,the research centres associated with  Medical Oncology Hospital in India, urge people to balance out the Vitamin D presence, specially from the Sun.


Better equipped studies are needed to find out whether vitamin D is the reason for the differences in risk, or if there is another reason. However, researchers would still have to find out whether vitamin D deficiency raises a person’s cancer risk. They would also need to know whether taking in more vitamin D than the recommended need will cause changes.  Therefore, to a large extent, the possible role of vitamin D in treating cancer is still being studied.Medical oncology hospital in india