Knee Replacement Surgery in Bangalore
The knee joint is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. The knee joins the thigh bone to the shin bone and therefore is the most stressed joint in the body. It is this stress which can cause arthritis. Knee replacement surgery is an effective treatment for arthritis in the knee joint. Vikram Hospital is a specialist in Knee Replacement surgery in Bangalore and provides the best treatment for a victim of arthritis and any other problems related to knees. There are many reasons which lead to knee replacement but arthritis is the most common reason among them worldwide.
So who needs a Knee replacement surgery? Knee replacement is an operation that involves removing parts of one’s natural knee joint and replacing them with artificial ones and it is the most common type of joint replacement surgery. The main reason for having a knee replacement surgery is to ease pain cause by arthritis and other problems. In some cases it is also performed to correct deformity in a person’s knee.
Vikram hospital, before performing the Knee Replacement surgery, the joints adjacent to the diseased knee are carefully examined as it is important to ensure positive outcome and recovery from the surgery. Blood tests of liver and kidney function and urine tests are evaluated for signs of anemia, infection, or abnormal metabolism. There are also various kinds of arthritis and the types of arthritis that may lead to Knee replacement surgery are:
- Osteoarthritis: It occurs when the cartilage on the gliding surface of the knee joint starts wearing away. It slowly starts to cause pain and stiffness. When the cartilage is completely worn out, the bones directly rub against each other causing chronic pain and decreased mobility. Osteoarthritis is most commonly seen in people who are above the age of 50 and also in people who have a lifestyle which stresses their knees too much (athletes, laborers etc.)
- Rheumatoid arthritis: It is when the body’s immune system begins to attack synovial membrane causing it to become inflamed and overproduce a fluid that lubricates to the joints. The process slowly wears out the cartilage and causes pain and difficulty in mobility.
- Traumatic arthritis: It is cause by a serious knee injury and its impact can also cause a mini trauma which over a period of time develops into Osteoarthritis which causes pain and stiffness.
Knee degeneration can also be cause by a condition known as avascular necrosis or AVN. It is not common but is mostly seen in young adults or adolescents. The bones around the joints become soft and loses contact with the main bone. This can cause immense pain, instability and even joint locking.
Abnormal formation of the knee joint can also cause stress resulting in knee degeneration. If not treated before its late, it can wear out the cartilage over a period time. So make sure you don’t get your knee joints stressed too much and be sure that you get to relax your joints often. If you find that you have problems with your knees, do not wait! Have it checked out as soon as you can.