IVF or In-Vitro Fertilization is an ART-Assisted Reproductive technology that refers to fertilization happening outside the human body. The eggs are taken from the ovaries of a woman and are fertilized with the sperm of a man. The person from whom the eggs and sperms are retrieved vary according to the situation.
Case 1: Eggs from the mother and sperms from the father
Case 2: Eggs from a donor and sperms from a donor
Case 3: Eggs from the mother and sperm from a donor
Case 4: Eggs from a donor and sperms from the father
Case 5: Donor Embryos
Case 6: Place the embryos formed from any of the above cases in another human body
In a nutshell, IVF involves removing eggs from a woman’s ovary, fertilising it in a lab, and placing it back in the womb once it starts growing into embryos. But it is not as simple as it sounds when it comes to the process. The entire process can be intimidating to the couples. It can be very tiring, both mentally and physically. So here are a few things you must know about IVF before you start your journey of conceiving which will help you to prepare yourself and to make your IVF days easier.
There is a long process associated with IVF starting from suppressing the normal menstrual cycle to constant monitoring even after getting conceived. Normally a full course of IVF can take from four weeks to 2 months or even more, depending on several factors.
2.Be ready to deal with a lot of stress and mood swings
The process is stressful for the mother as well as for the father. Experiencing mood swings are also common while going through it. It can make the mother moody and she might experience a drastic hormonal fluctuation because of the daily dose of hormonal injections. Although everything is normal, these concerns should be addressed and the couples must consult a counselor, if necessary.
3. No Guarantee
Some couples might not get pregnant after the first course of IVF. They might have to repeat the procedure. On the other hand, some couples get pregnant on their first attempt. Sadly, there are cases where IVF has failed too. The success rate of IVF depends on several factors like age, health, etc. of the parents. So there is no 100% guarantee for the process.
4. Care must be taken even after conceiving.
Utmost care must be taken till the child’s birth. There is no relaxing after a positive pregnancy result.
5. Not your last hope
Many times, couples become successful in conceiving after multiple cycles of IVF. However, even if your chances of conceiving through IVF are low, there are several other options to consider including the scope of donor eggs, donor sperms, or even donor embryos.
Throughout the process, the couples must seek emotional support from each other. It is also important to talk to your doctor before enrolling yourselves for IVF as you need to understand the process before you make a final decision. Meditating while you go through the stress, consulting a therapist as a couple and individually, taking care of yourselves, talking to friends and family, etc. is also as much as important as the process.