How to care for your heart?

Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle doesn’t pump blood as efficiently as it should. Narrowed arteries in the heart or high blood pressure can eventually cause this problem. Heart failures can be hereditary too. Whatsoever, heart failure must be discerned as a warning sign from the heart and the body. Moreover, it is very important to take care of your heart even when you haven’t been diagnosed with a heart problem. A few lifestyle changes alone can bring in big changes to a heart.

1. Drink wisely and eat healthily

Fluid buildup is a common phenomenon seen in heart patients. It is an accumulation of water in the body. It is important to keep track and control of the fluid and salt intake as salt or sodium helps the body to hold on to water. Eating foods with less sodium will also help in reducing blood pressure. Foods with saturated and trans fat must be replaced with unsaturated fat to reduce the risk of heart disease. People with heart problems must include whole grains, low-fat dairy products, skinless poultry, nuts, legumes, fish, and a lot of fruits and vegetables in the diet. It is most preferred to avoid sweets, red meats, and sugar-sweetened beverages

2. Identify Symptoms and never skip medicines

People prone to heart failures or those who already have heart problems must always keep track of the symptoms. Any type of discomfort in the heart or any other areas in the upper body part, shortness of breath along with cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness should immediately be taken to a doctor. Sudden numbness, confusion, trouble in walking, severe headache, etc. might be symptoms of stroke and requires immediate medical assistance.

Medicines are also equally important as they can be lifesavers. Patients who never skip medicines reduce the risk of heart failures. Setting medicine alarms or carrying a pillbox around might be helpful in this case.

3. Staying physically active

Every person requires a certain amount of physical exercise. People prone to heart problems must have at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity every week. Regular physical activity can help a person in maintaining weight, reducing stress, keeping the BP and cholesterol under check. Physical activities can also enhance the strength, flexibility, and balance of the body.

4. Checkups and keeping everything under control

It is necessary to have a yearly check-up even if you are not a heart patient. This checkup should also include monitoring of blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes, besides the heart checkup.

5. Quit smoking and avoid alcohol and caffeine

Nicotine content in tobacco can increase the risk of heart diseases. Smoking can cause stickiness or clumping in the blood vessels. Being smoke-free can not only reduce the risk for heart failures but improves the entire body mechanism. Similarly, alcohol and caffeine intake must also be brought under control. Although a moderate amount of intake is admissible, it is always better to consult a doctor before making decisions on these matters.

6. A healthy lifestyle with a healthy weight

A healthy lifestyle is a key to heart-care. Making a few lifestyle changes can be a real game-changer. It is also necessary to keep these as a regular routine for attaining ultimate results. A healthy lifestyle should include healthy and rich food, exercises, meditation, and a lot more. Along with making a healthy lifestyle a habit, it is also important to maintain a healthy weight. Sudden weight gain/loss can be a symptom of developing heart failure. Heart patients must weigh themselves every day before breakfast, preferably one time before urinating and one time after urinating. Notable fluctuation in weight changes should be taken to the doctor.

7. Staying positive

Make yoga/meditation a part of a healthy lifestyle. This will help a person in managing stress. People having heart diseases have a higher chance of falling into depression. This should also be taken into notice. It is important for that patient to talk with the doctor or an immediate family member about what they are going through. Any treatment or precaution will only work on a mind which stays positive.

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