You might have come across many drugs commonly used by your elders for treating various types of diseases. Did you ever wonder how these medicines work on your body to safeguard you against various ailments? We will demystify 10 commonly used drugs and how they work for you to get rid of the common illnesses.
These drugs help you to combat infections. The Antibiotics specifically attack the microbial cell wall or prevent the formation of this protective wall. Once the protective shield collapses, the microbe dies and your body cells are saved from any further damage. This is the mechanism of action of antibiotics.
- Anti-fever drugs
Fever is most commonly associated with various infections. The main objective is to calm down your increased body temperature as this can destroy the proteins in the body cells & tissues. As the brain has a thermostat mechanism to control the body temperature, these drugs take over that control when consumed. Thus, these drugs prevent the rise in temperature.
- Drugs for Stomach Acidity
Often, you might have popped that stomach pill to get rid of the burning sensation caused due to the acidity in your stomach. These acid regulating drugs either balance the acidic environment inside your stomach by introducing alkalinity or decrease the production of the acid from the acid forming cells. And therefore, you get an immediate relief after taking these drugs.
- Anti-allergy drugs
As the name suggests, the allergies to common substances like pollen, food allergens etc can be decreased by the intake of anti-allergic drugs. These drugs act by suppressing the hyper-response of the body against the irritating agent.
- Cold Flu drugs
Usually, cold flu drugs are a combination of antibiotic, anti-fever and anti-allergy drugs to fight the infection and reduce the body temperature associated with it simultaneously. These frequently come in combination with Nasal Decongestants to relieve the stuffiness in the nose. So, a cold flu drug can alleviate all the symptoms that you experience during a single episode of cold flu. Don’t forget to visit your physician and take the prescribed amount of the drug.
- Anti-Diarrhoeal drugs
Diarrhea or loose stools is intercepted by Anti-Diarrhoeal drugs by decreasing the movement of the intestines. So, the intestines get greater time to absorb more amount of water and thus prevent water loss.
- Anti-Diabetic drugs
Diabetes leads to uncontrolled high levels of sugar inside your body. Anti-Diabetic drugs are a group of drugs given together in a bundle. While a few drugs in this bundle increase the faster breakdown of complex glucose, the others increase the sensitivity of your body cells to insulin, which helps you to digest your glucose.
- Blood pressure drugs
These drugs help to decrease the pressure of blood inside your veins and arteries. With increasing age, the elasticity of these blood carrying small thin vessels in our body decreases and this makes them tense. The blood pressure drugs help to dilate the blood vessels. Other drug types help increase the sodium and water excretion to release the tension inside the blood vessels.
- Anti-vomiting drugs
These drugs are used to treat nausea and vomiting. They act by blocking the action of the messengers which send a message of vomiting sensation to your brain and thereby prevent the occurrence of vomiting.
- Anti-Thyroid drugs
These drugs are used to treat the increase in the number of thyroid hormones in our body. They do so by reducing the normal synthesis of the thyroid hormones and protect you from the harmful consequences of rising thyroid hormones levels.