According to Orthopaedic Hospitals in Bangalore, after the age of 30yrs, bone reabsorption slowly begins to exceed new bone formation which leads to bone loss. Bone loss in women is severe in the first few years of menopause, and it continues into old age. Even though bone loss in men usually occur later in life compared to women, men can still be at risk for osteoporosis. By the age of 65years, men are as vulnerable as women for bone loss. Factors that contribute to bone loss in senior citizens include lack of dietary calcium, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, long-term use of certain medications such as corticosteroids, heredity, or low sex hormones.
The doctors at Vikram Hospital, the best Spine Surgery in Bangalore, believe that aging brings about a lot of changes in the bones, joints and muscles which include loss of bone mass or density; the disks in the spinal vertebrae lose fluid and become thinner; the spinal column becomes curved and compressed; bone spurs are formed; the foot arches become less pronounced; the joints become stiffer and less flexible; fluid in the joints may decrease; the cartilage may begin to rub together and wear away; there could be calcification around joints and lean body mass decreases. These degenerative changes mostly affect the hip, knee, shoulder and finger joints.
According to Ortho Hospitals in Bangalore, trauma and degeneration are the two main causative factors for orthopaedic problems in elderly people. Along with limiting mobility, these problems are also associated with pain and discomfort. The most common orthopaedic problems seen in senior citizens are Osteoporosis, which causes frequent fractures due to brittle bones and Osteoarthritis that cause joint problems due to inflammation. These degenerative bone and joint changes leads to severe pain, stiffness, and deformity which interfere with the independent mobility and hinder daily activities of living in elders. Reconstructive Surgery Hospitals and Ortho Hospitals in Bangalore offer an array of treatment options like the Total Knee Replacement Surgery, total hip replacement surgery and total shoulder replacement arthroplasty for the right candidates. These surgeries promise improved quality of life in senior citizens.
Vikram Hospital is among the best multi-speciality hospitals in Bangalore that offers a spectrum of orthopaedic care for senior citizens. According to the doctors at Vikram, though these problems are age-related and inevitable, their onset could be delayed through certain precautionary measures.
The doctors at Vikram Hospital, one of the best Super Speciality Hospitals in India, prescribe a well-balanced diet with plenty of calcium for older adults. Women after menopause and men over age 65 are recommended to take 1,200 mg of calcium and 400 to 800 international units (IU) of vitamin D per day.
Exercise is considered as one of the best ways to slow down or prevent problems with the bones, joints, or muscles. The Orthopaedic Hospitals in Bangalore recommends regular exercise for senior citizens to maintain strong bones, flexible muscles and good balance.