COSMETIC DERMATOLOGY: Everything you need to know about chemical peeling!

Skin problems like sunburnt skin, acne scars, hyperpigmentation or any other scars at times can cause lack of confidence. If you have skin problems, then you must consult your dermatologist rather than trying to solve them at home which in turn could worsen the problem. In early 2000s new skin-resurfacing lasers pushed back the chemical peel treatment but it is back on the top of dermatologists’ list. A lot of folk are using them currently than ever before. Chemical peels can deliver sure shot skin benefits—like reversing marks of breakouts, erasing pigmentation and even wrinkle lines —better than hi-tech devices. By taking out the surface cells, they improve fine lines, acne, discoloration, and more and they work for all skin sorts and colours—usually for a fraction of the price of flashier choices. A medium-depth chemical peel could value a 3rd of laser treatment and offers better result with a single treatment. This technique also helps to reduce crow’s feet, aging skin, sagging skin.

This blog aims to explain the simple process of chemical peeling and what you can expect from the treatment. A chemical peel is a technique in which chemical is applied to the skin that causes it to exfoliate and eventually peel off. The new, regenerated skin is smoother and fewer wrinkles than the previous skin. There are 3 types of chemical peels:

Superficial or Lunchtime peel: Alpha-hydroxy acid or another delicate acid is applied to the outer layer of skin to carefully exfoliate it. The treatment is used to enhance the look of delicate skin discoloration and rough skin and also to refresh the face, neck, chest or hands.

Medium peel: Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid is applied to penetrate the outer and middle layers of skin to get rid of broken skin cells. The treatment is used to enhance age spots, fine lines and wrinkles, freckles and moderate skin discoloration. It’s also used to smoothen rough skin and treat some malignant tumour skin growths, i.e. actinic keratosis.

Deep peel: Trichloroacetic acid or phenol is applied to the middle layer of skin to deeply penetrate in order to get rid of damaged skin cells. The treatment removes moderate lines, age spots, freckles and shallow scars. The procedure is employed on the face and can be performed only once.

But before getting a chemical peel, a thorough analysis by dermatological surgeons is necessary before deciding on a chemical peel to see if you are a candidate who qualifies for a chemical peel. The criteria for recommending a chemical peel are quite simple. The procedure isn’t recommended for people with infections, active skin conditions, cut or broken skin, sunburns or active Herpes simplex open sores. Other conditions include:

  • Nursing or pregnant.
  • Have taken Accutane in last six months.
  • Have skin disorder, eczema, or acne rosacea.
  • Have used Retin-A, Renova, prescription skin care merchandise, merchandise that contain antioxidants, bleaching or skin-lightening agents or different acid-based merchandise within the last forty eight hours.

Are chemical peels painful?

Chemicals peels sting however are not painful. The gentlest peels use alpha-hydroxy, glycolic, beverage or fruit acids. They’ll cause stinging, redness, irritation and crusting but as the skin begins to regulate all these issues will reduce.
Trichloroacetic acids are used for stronger peelings. They take away wrinkles, superficial blemishes and pigmentation issues. Phenol is the strongest of all treatments and removes deep lines and wrinkles on the face. These form of treatments sting more over those with the gentler acids.

All peels need some follow-up care:

  • Superficial peels need one to seven days to heal. Treated skin is initially red and may scale. Lotion or cream is to be applied till the skin heals, followed by daily use of ointment. Makeup will typically be worn next day.
  • Medium peels need seven to fourteen days to heal. Treated skin is initially red and swollen. Skin should be soaked daily for a specific amount, followed by ointment application. Antiviral medication is taken for ten to fourteen days. Delicate lotion or cream could also be applied. Avoid all sun exposure till healing is complete. A follow-up appointment is necessary to observe progress.
  • Deep peels need fourteen to twenty one days to heal. The treated space is bandaged. Skin should be soaked 4 to 6 times daily, followed by ointment application for the primary fourteen days. Afterward a thick moisturizer is applied for next fourteen days. Antiviral medication is taken for ten to fourteen days. Delicate lotion or cream could also be applied. Avoid all sun exposure for 3 to 6 months. Subsequent follow-up appointments are necessary to observe progress.

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