Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis is a disabling disease of the brain and the spinal cord which essentially damages the entire central nervous team. In Multiple Sclerosis, the protective sheath known as myelin that helps to cover nerve fibers is attacked by the immune system. The attack results in the damage or disruption in the communication of the brain with the other parts of the body. It is known to gradually deteriorate the nerves itself and also cause irreversible damage to them.

Signs and symptoms of someone suffering from Multiple Sclerosis are highly likely to differ from person to person and directly depends on the level or severity of damage of the nerves.

The symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis manifest themselves based on the severity and time of the course of the condition and it is also dependent on which part of the body has been affected.

Below mentioned are a few of the most common and reported symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis.

  • Tingling sensation or numbness in parts of the body
  • Double vision for a prolonged period of time
  • Complete or partial loss of vision
  • Sudden slurring of speech
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Episodes of nausea
  • Severe pain in specific parts of the body on one side
  • Sensation of electric shocks
  • Feeling nauseous
  • Encountering dizziness
  • Failure in the coordination of muscular movements


There is no specific cause identified yet for Multiple Sclerosis. However, it is observed to be caused by a combination of factors such as genetic and environmental aspects.

Risk Factors

These factors are known to have effects on raising the risk of Multiple Sclerosis:

Family History

If a close relative or a family member had it, you are at a higher risk of having Multiple Sclerosis too.

Old Age

Multiple Sclerosis can occur to anyone, however, it is most commonly seen in people of the age range of 16-60.


Smokers who may have a first event indicating Multiple Sclerosis are highly likely to develop the second event of MS in comparison to non-smokers.


The climate of the place you belong in may also affect your condition. It is known to be common to areas with a temperate climate.

Plausible Complications

These are some conditions that you might develop if you already have Multiple Sclerosis –

  • Paralysis of legs
  • Extreme muscle spasms
  • Deterioration in sexual functioning
  • Noticeable mood swings
  • Feeling of depression


There are several ways to treat Multiple Sclerosis. Some of the methods of treatment are as follows:

Immunosuppressant medications

Medicines are prescribed that are known to help reduce or suppress the response of the immune system and aid in slowing down the progress of the disease.


Different types of group engagements help in relieving from the pain or distress caused by MS. Physical therapy, Acupuncture are highly effective forms of treatment in MS cases.

Self Care

The best and the most effective way is to engage in physical exercise by yourself. To stay motivated and encourage yourself to work out for a fixed period of time to reduce the inflammation and stiffness in your body or any affected area.

These are all the necessary information you might need to keep in mind or understand to handle the situation if you or a loved one develop Multiple Sclerosis.

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