First Aid First, making a basic first aid kit at home

First-aid is the first and immediate assistance given to any person suffering from either a minor or serious illness or injury, with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, or to promote recovery.  A well-stocked first-aid kit is a handy thing to have. We should always be prepared for emergency situations.

It is advised to keep a first-aid kit in your home and in your car. Always be informed about where to find a first-aid kit. You should also be aware about the location of the first-aid kit in your work-place. Whether you buy a first-aid kit or make one, make sure that you have all the necessities. The kits can be basic or comprehensive based on the medical proficiency and how far you are from professional medical help. If you are travelling, make sure to have enough medical sustenance for as long as you may be travelling.

You can make a simple and inexpensive first aid kit yourself. Home first aid kits are usually used for treating these types of minor traumatic injuries like burns, cuts, abrasions, stings, splinters, sprains and strains. Travel first aid kits need to be comprehensive because a drug store may or may not be accessible. The kit should have contents to be able to alleviate fever, nasal congestion, cough and sore throat. It should also contain items to treat cuts, mild pain, gastrointestinal problems, skin problems and allergies.

You can get all the items of the first aid kit in a well-stocked pharmacy. You can ask the pharmacist to help you with it. A household first aid kit should have at least 15 of the following items in it.

  1. Adhesive Tape

  2. Anaesthetic spray

  3. Sterile gauze pads

  4. Ace bandages

  5. Adhesive bandages

  6. Diphenhydramine – for allergic reactions

  7. Exam gloves

  8. Antibiotic cream

  9. Non-adhesive pads

  10. Pocket mask for CPR

  11. Resealable  oven bags as a container for contaminated items

  12. Safety pins both large and small

  13. Scissors

  14. Tweezers

In case of a medical or trauma related emergency, a list of family member’s medical history, medications, doctors, insurance company, and contact persons should be readily available.Try to keep your first aid kit small and simple. There should be multi-use items. Try to make it water-proof and drop-resistant.

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