Is your child being controlled by the Internet?

Is your child being controlled by the Internet?

Picture this scenario

Your 13-year-old is playing a game on her tablet, you call out to her to come and have lunch. She tells you that she will be there in 5 minutes. After 5 minutes, you call her once again. She tells you that she would come right away but is still glued to the tablet screen. Irritated, you go to her and snatch away the tablet. Chaos ensues; she starts yelling and tries to forcefully take the tablet back. It is almost like she has lost all sense of reason.

The cause of this strife – internet addiction! Children as young as 7 years old are known to be addicted to the internet. Though internet addiction has been observed across all ages, adolescents and particularly people in their 20’s are more prone to internet addiction.

According to Psychology Today, addiction is a condition that results when a person ingests a substance (e.g., alcohol, cocaine, nicotine) or engages in an activity (e.g., gambling, sex, shopping) that can be pleasurable but the continuation of which becomes compulsive and interferes with ordinary responsibilities and concerns, such as work, relationships, or health. Internet addiction is the activity (online gaming, gambling, constant browsing,) that leads to compulsive habits that disrupt daily life.

In children, most often the addiction is gaming and online communication with friends. These internet addictions, which are a subset of technology addiction, that causes children to lose interest in day-to-day life activities and also causes strain on their personal relationships. Internet addiction can also cause adverse behavioural changes. One example given on the online portal, Youth Ki Awaaz, spoke of two brothers with internet addiction. Aged 19 and 20, they would not just skip meals to play the online game they were addicted to but also pee their pants to avoid leaving the game.

Internet addiction could be caused by various problems, like stress, shyness, the need for emotional support, depression, anxiety etc. The symptoms that children usually exhibit when they are addicted are as follows:

  • Spending more time online than with family and friends
  • Neglecting food and sleep in order to be online all the time
  • Using internet as a way to alter their mood
  • Becoming irritated or angry when internet time is interrupted
  • Thinking of getting back online as soon as possible

And not just psychological symptoms, internet addiction tend to have severe physiological repercussions like:

  • Backache
  • Frequent headaches
  • Problems in vision
  • Weight gain or weight loss
  • Sleep deprivation which leads to memory problems and fatigue
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome

So, how do we stop children from getting addicted to the internet?

Taking away the medium itself is not a viable option. Online access is a vital part of life at present. The Internet is also a very engaging and entertaining educational tool. With the amount of knowledge, they have to keep up with, being cut off from the internet will not help the present generation.

It has been observed that children who are isolated, have poor social and coping skills tend to fall prey to internet addiction. Like drugs and alcohol, the internet presents an escape from difficulties in the real world. Be it coping with the academic expectations or problems at home, the internet becomes a haven for children who want to run away from it all.

Help them understand

Children will not believe that they are in any kind of danger or that they are under the influence of the internet. They will first and foremost put up the excuse that everyone around them is online. As parents, you have to help them understand the difference between internet addiction and safe browsing. Show them examples of people with adverse internet addiction and how it changed their lives for the worse.

Making them understand that they are in trouble is the first step to helping them fight the problem.

Show them you care

Children, especially those addicted, have lower self-esteem and believe if they ask for help they will be rejected. It is essential to help them understand that you will be there every step of the way to help them come back to life a healthy and happier kid.

Consult an expert

If the addiction has gotten severe, it is better to take the opinion and guidance of experts. Keep a look out for the symptoms in your children and always ensure to set rules and limits to the amount of technology and internet your children are exposed to. Take a personal interest in the day-to-day activities of the children and always take time to do at least one activity together every day. (Exclusive of mealtimes)

Let us strive towards safer internet for all, especially our children.

Erectile Dysfunction Treatments

Last year a hilarious Hindi movie was released named Shubh Mangal Savdhan. It was around the topic of erectile dysfunction that the leading man suffers from. Though people consider it a taboo subject, Shubh Mangal Savadhan brought it out to the public in a sensitive manner and also brought out many laughs. Everyone would remember for a long time the scene with the Parle-G biscuit.

So what is erectile dysfunction and how is one diagnosed with it? Erectile dysfunction is the inability get an erection and keep it firm enough for sex. Trouble getting an erection doesn’t always mean erectile dysfunction, but if it goes on for an extended period of time, it could be a cause for concern. It could be caused due to an underlying health issue. Erectile dysfunction can make a person lose self-confidence and also lead to problems in a relationship.

Many people who suffer from erectile dysfunction are too embarrassed to talk about it to anyone, but getting medical attention early can help relieve the symptoms of the condition. If erectile dysfunction is accompanied by delayed or premature ejaculation, heart disease, diabetes or other health conditions, it is essential to see an expert right away.

Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

Sexual arousal in men is a complex process that involves the brain, hormones, nerves, muscles, emotions and blood vessels. A problem with any of these factors can lead to erectile dysfunction. Below are the instances of physical conditions that can cause erectile dysfunction -

  • Heart disease
  • Clogged blood vessels (atherosclerosis)
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic syndrome — a condition involving increased blood pressure, high insulin levels, body fat around the waist and high cholesterol
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Certain prescription medications
  • Tobacco use
  • Peyronie’s disease — development of scar tissue inside the penis
  • Alcoholism and other forms of substance abuse
  • Sleep disorders
  • Treatments for prostate cancer or enlarged prostate
  • Surgeries or injuries that affect the pelvic area or spinal cord

Treatment for Erectile Dysfunction

The treatment of erectile dysfunction is given according to the cause of the condition. First, the doctor tries to figure the reason for the condition, the reason could be due to problems with the blood flow in the penis, diabetes, heart condition, low testosterone levels, nerve problems etc..

The different approaches to treatment include:

Increasing Blood Flow:

The following oral medications increase the effects of nitric oxide in the body, thus increasing blood flow and helping men get an erection in response to sexual stimulation.

Sildenafil (Viagra)

Tadalafil (Adcirca, Cialis)

Vardenafil (Levitra, Staxyn)

Avanafil (Stendra)

The medication should only be taken on prescription by a doctor because the treatment should only be done after necessary investigations into the reason for erectile dysfunction. Also, the dosage and medication type can only be zeroed in after consultation with an expert.

But these medications can also have side effects like headaches, nasal congestion, visual changes, flushing, backache and stomach upset.

Increasing testosterone level:

Testosterone replacement therapy is given to men who have low levels of testosterone hormones. This is taken as the first approach to erectile dysfunction in case of low testosterone and sometimes combined with other therapies.

Suppository

If medication does not help, another means of inducing erection is to insert a tiny alprostadil suppository inside the penile urethra. It is inserted using a special device. It causes an erection in about 10 minutes and keeps up (pun unintended) for about an hour.

The side-effects include little bleeding in the urethra, slight pain and formation of fibrous tissue inside the penis.

Penis pumps

If medication is possibly dangerous for certain patients, doctors advise the use pumps and implants.

Like the medication that increases blood flow to the penis, the electrical or manual penis pump creates a vacuum around the penis which pulls blood into it. Once erection of the penis is firm, a ring is attached to the base of the penis to keep the blood flow in place and the erection intact. After which the vacuum pump is removed.

Side-effects include bruising of the penis and restricted ejaculation.

Penile implants

Implants are the last resort if other methods do not get results. In this therapy, implants are surgically placed on either side of the penis which are either inflatable or malleable. These inflatable devices allow control of erection, including how long it should remain firm.

Counselling

When erectile dysfunction is caused due to stress or other psychological reasons, doctors recommend counselling for the man and his partner.

One of the major reasons people do not come forward with their condition of erectile dysfunction is the thought that men with the condition are not masculine enough. The foremost measure to be taken up by society is to do away with such harmful notions. Some lifestyle choices worsen the condition like smoking, alcohol consumption, excess weight, relationship troubles, stress and anxiety, drug abuse and lack of exercise. Ensuring the right lifestyle choices are made can help tackle erectile dysfunction.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome – Is it the food or your genes?

Sometimes we get up in the morning, feeling that something is off, but not able to pinpoint exactly what! The stomach is growling, and anxiety levels seem to have risen just a bit. Chances are that you have fallen prey to the all-consuming, but not life-threatening Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common intestinal disorder that often surfaces in the form of bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhoea and/or constipation. There are many factors that trigger IBS, but many studies that are being held on the topic are yet to come to a definitive conclusion. According to doctors, the common symptoms like tummy pain, excess gas, loose stools or constipation are typically managed by passing stool, regular exercise and by making slight changes in lifestyle and diet.

There are certain diet patterns that have been linked with IBS. So you can definitely provide yourself some relief by making certain changes to your diet.

Ensure to take the following steps to help relieve the symptoms of IBS -

- Medical practitioners advise including a lot of fiber in everyday diet to ensure correct bowel movement, which goes a long way in ensuring IBS does not surface.

- Eliminating foods that worsen the symptoms of IBS is also a great preventive step. So caffeine, alcohol, high-sugar foods, artificial sweeteners, processed and canned food products, bean, cabbage, broccoli and such items would have to be done away with completely.

- Another great way to keep the digestive tract in good health is to drink plenty of plain water.

- It would also be better to eat smaller and frequent meals rather than large portions.

- Lastly exercising for at least 30 minutes every day has also been shown to significantly help relieve IBS symptoms. It also helps with alleviating anxiety and depression which makes the symptoms worse.

Certain changes take place in the body that contribute towards IBS. These factors are something that people have no control over. It could be muscle contractions or inflammation in the intestines. There could also be certain changes in the nervous system that could misalign the function of the digestive system. IBS might also be associated with a surplus of bacteria in the intestines. Apart from that, genes also play a role. Those with a family history of IBS are more vulnerable to suffering from IBS sometime in their lives, than those who don’t. No matter what the cause is, with a little bit of care towards the body IBS can definitely be prevented. A daily record of what you eat and drink and some time in the gym would keep IBS away from you. Last but not the least, keeping stress levels to the bare minimum is also half the battle won.

ER & TRAUMA: Techniques to help you not faint at the sight of blood

The sight of blood often induces sickness and lightheadedness in many of us. Some may even pass out. The phobia is so common that it got a spot in the “Diagnostic and Applied Mathematics Manual of Mental Disorders”, one of psychiatrists’ reference books. A physical response to the sight of blood is completely natural, particularly for men. Below article explains the ways to trick the body into not feeling dainty, and why a cup of coffee can be better for you.

Fight or faint

Seeing blood sometimes means that you or another person is in pain. By reacting, an individual shows fellow feeling, which could be a good attribute. The trick is learning a way to condition or control your response.

Feeling sick could be a physiological response to worry, and therefore the connected mental and physical cues are doubtless a part of the organic process “fight-or-flight” survival mechanism. Within the body, the blood vessels dilate, vital signs start to drop and therefore the heart starts to slow. Then all the blood drains to your legs and you end up feeling lightheaded and nauseated.

By fainting or nearly fainting, your mind is making an attempt to free yourself-as in flee-from matters.

Women and youngsters

Women tend to be less sensitive than men concerning blood, particularly those who have given birth. Kids usually have strong physiological reactions to blood; however they can be talked out of an anxious episode through positive reinforcement. “For kids, we tend to tell them to be strong and then reward them for bravery”, many parents have quoted. Repeated exposure by adults to their kids will scale back their reaction to blood. This is because, through repetition, the brain becomes less stressed.

Many ways to overcome fainting:

Medical students come back up with several ways to beat their nausea at seeing bloody wounds and hemorrhaging patients. Some prefer to distract the mind with victimization techniques like rocking from side to side or running through numbers or time tables. Before seeing blood, they could speak themselves out of any potential anxiety by visualizing ahead what’s about to happen. Even regular folks will begin to dissociate themselves from the sight of blood in this manner. And eventually you’re conditioned to not react.

A sugary, caffeinated drink can help before an interaction with blood. The caffeine can slightly raise vital signs, serving to counteract the body’s own blood-pressure decline. And sugar can stop the light-headedness that may be brought on partly by a hypoglycemic condition. It’s advisable for people when they’re on the point of seeing oozing blood to eat food and drink water ahead, since dehydration and low glucose will heighten the symptoms and result in fainting.

Another technique that seems simplest is named applied tension, which works best along with self-exposure program. To learn applied tension you need a therapist. As you begin feeling light-headed, you tense the muscles in your arms, legs, and abdomen for ten to fifteen seconds to lift your vital signs and avoid fainting. Once you’ve got perfect applied tension, the therapist exposes you, step by step, to the things that trigger your phobic neurosis.

You can also learn to raise your blood pressure levels, usually by tensing and squeezing your large muscles, which makes it tougher to faint once you are on the point of having an injection, or to check some medical textbooks with illustrations. Interestingly, systematic tensing of muscles is just the opposite of relaxation. Relaxation may be useful for many phobias and anxiety issues but just isn’t a part of the treatment for blood phobia!

The mouth and nose connection

Does it ever happen that any ailment of the throat seems to magically affect the ear and nose too? Or the nose starts dripping, and somehow we realise that the throat has gone for a toss too. Don’t worry, it’s not just your imagination and there is nothing surreal about it. It’s just that our ear, nose and throat are intricately connected, and this is why, when something affects the ear, you find that it also affects your nose and throat, and vice versa.

The ear, nose, and throat are part of the upper respiratory system and they share the same mucous membranes. They have to work in sync in order to keep the other natural bodily processes going. Not just that, they are also in extremely close proximity to one another. So when an infection, inflammation or allergic response occurs in one of them, the other two can’t help but show discomfort.

The air pockets or passages in our sinus cavities are connected with the throat and ears. It is this network between ear, nose and throat that expresses its close connection once the sinus passage gets congested during infection or inflammation and that in turn leads to mucus accumulation. The exchange of fluids between the ENT network becomes more rampant as a result of excessive mucus discharge which why a common cold generally transforms into difficulty in swallowing, or even a painful ear infection.

Since these parts are so interrelated, and infection in one often leads to infection in the other, the symptoms and cure are also often the same. While mucus generation in the ENT network is good as it helps to fight bacteria and protect the sensitive tissue areas, more than usual amount leads to drainage and facial pain which can in most cases be avoided.

First and foremost, avoid going to a regular doctor everytime an ENT infection strikes. An ENT specialist would definitely be able to help you better. Make sure that you have a diet rich in zinc, vitamin A and C which will act as protective barriers to fight viruses and other infection causing foreign agents. Once you do get infected, avoid loading yourself with medication immediately. Inhale steam that will help to clear the sinus and provide relief. For faster results, add a couple of drops of peppermint oil or water and then inhale this concoction.

Most ENT problems can easily be cured with medication. We realise how important the ENT system is only when we fall ill. So if chronic conditions like congestion, breathing sleeping problems and chronic cough have been troubling you, it definitely is a cry for help!

COSMETIC DERMATOLOGY: Everything you need to know about chemical peeling!

Skin problems like sunburnt skin, acne scars, hyperpigmentation or any other scars at times can cause lack of confidence. If you have skin problems, then you must consult your dermatologist rather than trying to solve them at home which in turn could worsen the problem. In early 2000s new skin-resurfacing lasers pushed back the chemical peel treatment but it is back on the top of dermatologists’ list. A lot of folk are using them currently than ever before. Chemical peels can deliver sure shot skin benefits—like reversing marks of breakouts, erasing pigmentation and even wrinkle lines —better than hi-tech devices. By taking out the surface cells, they improve fine lines, acne, discoloration, and more and they work for all skin sorts and colours—usually for a fraction of the price of flashier choices. A medium-depth chemical peel could value a 3rd of laser treatment and offers better result with a single treatment. This technique also helps to reduce crow’s feet, aging skin, sagging skin.

This blog aims to explain the simple process of chemical peeling and what you can expect from the treatment. A chemical peel is a technique in which chemical is applied to the skin that causes it to exfoliate and eventually peel off. The new, regenerated skin is smoother and fewer wrinkles than the previous skin. There are 3 types of chemical peels:

Superficial or Lunchtime peel: Alpha-hydroxy acid or another delicate acid is applied to the outer layer of skin to carefully exfoliate it. The treatment is used to enhance the look of delicate skin discoloration and rough skin and also to refresh the face, neck, chest or hands.

Medium peel: Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid is applied to penetrate the outer and middle layers of skin to get rid of broken skin cells. The treatment is used to enhance age spots, fine lines and wrinkles, freckles and moderate skin discoloration. It’s also used to smoothen rough skin and treat some malignant tumour skin growths, i.e. actinic keratosis.

Deep peel: Trichloroacetic acid or phenol is applied to the middle layer of skin to deeply penetrate in order to get rid of damaged skin cells. The treatment removes moderate lines, age spots, freckles and shallow scars. The procedure is employed on the face and can be performed only once.

But before getting a chemical peel, a thorough analysis by dermatological surgeons is necessary before deciding on a chemical peel to see if you are a candidate who qualifies for a chemical peel. The criteria for recommending a chemical peel are quite simple. The procedure isn’t recommended for people with infections, active skin conditions, cut or broken skin, sunburns or active Herpes simplex open sores. Other conditions include:

  • Nursing or pregnant.
  • Have taken Accutane in last six months.
  • Have skin disorder, eczema, or acne rosacea.
  • Have used Retin-A, Renova, prescription skin care merchandise, merchandise that contain antioxidants, bleaching or skin-lightening agents or different acid-based merchandise within the last forty eight hours.

Are chemical peels painful?

Chemicals peels sting however are not painful. The gentlest peels use alpha-hydroxy, glycolic, beverage or fruit acids. They’ll cause stinging, redness, irritation and crusting but as the skin begins to regulate all these issues will reduce.
Trichloroacetic acids are used for stronger peelings. They take away wrinkles, superficial blemishes and pigmentation issues. Phenol is the strongest of all treatments and removes deep lines and wrinkles on the face. These form of treatments sting more over those with the gentler acids.

All peels need some follow-up care:

  • Superficial peels need one to seven days to heal. Treated skin is initially red and may scale. Lotion or cream is to be applied till the skin heals, followed by daily use of ointment. Makeup will typically be worn next day.
  • Medium peels need seven to fourteen days to heal. Treated skin is initially red and swollen. Skin should be soaked daily for a specific amount, followed by ointment application. Antiviral medication is taken for ten to fourteen days. Delicate lotion or cream could also be applied. Avoid all sun exposure till healing is complete. A follow-up appointment is necessary to observe progress.
  • Deep peels need fourteen to twenty one days to heal. The treated space is bandaged. Skin should be soaked 4 to 6 times daily, followed by ointment application for the primary fourteen days. Afterward a thick moisturizer is applied for next fourteen days. Antiviral medication is taken for ten to fourteen days. Delicate lotion or cream could also be applied. Avoid all sun exposure for 3 to 6 months. Subsequent follow-up appointments are necessary to observe progress.

Squint eyes and their remedies

Have you been in a situation where you are talking with a person but they seem to be looking elsewhere? This could have been due to squint eyes, one the most common eye problems worldwide, and usually treatable depending upon the kind of squint.

Squint is an eye condition in which the eyes do not look in the same direction. It usually occurs in children. The muscles which control eye movement lose balance causing the squint. Many people believe that squint is a lifelong condition, and can seldom be treated. However, that is not the case. To be particular, squint happens when the visual axes of the eyes fail to meet at the object. Squint in children is normally attributed to genetics and hereditary causes. Sometimes it is hard to figure what actually causes squint eyes. In adults squint eyes may be caused due to cerebral palsy or stroke. People can also be effected with squint eyes if they have lazy eyes or are farsighted.

Squint in the eye happens only part of the time, in one or alternates between two eyes. The squinting may turn in (converge), turn out (diverge) or sometimes turn up or down. Sometimes misalignment in the nerves that leads to a squint can also happen due to an injury.

The treatment for squint eyes depends on the severity and underlying cause of the squint. If a squint is caused due to lazy eyes, your ophthalmologist might prescribe wearing an eye-patch over your good eye to train your lazy eyes to work properly. Because the brain usually takes the image passed by the signal of the more stronger eye. The eye patch will make null the advantage and make the weaker eye work harder and correct itself.

Other treatments include:

- eye exercises

- eye glasses that help correct the problem with the visual axes of the eye

- use of prism glasses which can cure double vision as the images are realigned into one complete whole

- surgery, this step is taken to ensure a lifelong cure and gives good results if done early

- sometimes certain issues with eye muscles of neurons can be corrected with medication too

As with most medical issues, early diagnosis and treatment is by far the most effective way to change a squint back to normal. If you or a family member suffers from squint eyes, know that there are treatments and that nobody has to live with a squint with the right treatment.

Surgical options to counter infertility in women

The human’s body anatomy is complex and can be disrupted by various conditions. These conditions lead to malfunctioning of certain processes happening in the body, like inhibiting a woman’s successful pregnancy. Infertility in women is a common occurrence, and the course of treatment can be both surgical or non-surgical depending on the cause.

There are various surgical procedures that can cure infertility. The call on which procedure to choose is taken by the doctor when they get to know the cause and extent of infertility. The most common conditions in women that lead to infertility, and that require surgical intervention are uterine fibroids, polycystic ovarian syndrome, endometriosis, diseased fallopian tubes along with other minor ones that hinder normal egg development. The most commonly employed surgical methods include laparoscopy, hysteroscopy and microsurgery.

Laparoscopy is an outpatient surgical procedure in which a narrow fiber optic telescope is inserted through an incision near the navel. Cysts in the ovary are commonly removed laparoscopically. Removal of fibroids or any other kind of pelvic adhesions that restrict blood flow is also done by this procedure. A fallopian tube blockage which typically prevents successful conception is also treated through laparoscopy, otherwise through microsurgery. Fertility problems may also develop due to endometriosis, and this condition in which the tissue lines outside the uterus is also handled by the same means!

Sometimes, hysteroscopy may also be employed to take care of intrauterine adhesions or fibroids that cause infertility. During hysteroscopy, a telescope is inserted into the uterus through the cervix to cure any abnormalities. Both laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are outpatient procedures and hence less invasive.

However, most tubal procedures that are undertaken to cure infertility require microsurgery. Sometimes the situation so occurs that even cysts or fibroids may require surgery for removal. In cases of severely blocked fallopian tubes, the doctor may advise to skip surgery altogether and have in vitro fertilization as a means of conception(IVF). Salpingectomy entails removal of part of a fallopian tube as a result of a buildup of fluid. Salpingostomy is done to create a new opening in the tube closest to the ovary when its end is blocked by the buildup of fluid. Sometimes part of the tube closest to the ovary has adhesions or scar tissues so normal egg pick up is prevented. This is corrected through Fimbrioplasty. Reversal of a fallopian tube sterilization procedure called reanastomosis is also performed at times by re-connecting the two ends of the fallopian tubes.

The recovery time for the patient depends on the severity of the condition for infertility, as well as the presence or absence of other fertility problems. Treatment of the underlying disease is imperative as soon as possible and surgical options to cure infertility in women are now more common than ever thanks to advancements in medical technology.

Menstrual cups – The Holy Grail of feminine hygiene products?

That time of the month is one of the most excruciating for many women. On top of the pain, women have to ensure that their bleeding does not stain their clothes and the odour is hidden perfectly. This presents them with a conundrum, what type of feminine hygiene product to use that will ensure the above criteria are met.

At present, the most widely used feminine hygiene product is the sanitary pad. Though many women across India are still using cloth, the need for a more hygienic option is slowly taking root across the masses. Another product is the tampon, but in India, its consumer base is relatively small compared to sanitary pads. However there is one product that many women still don’t know much about, and one that seems to have more pros than cons. This product is menstrual cups. A menstrual cup is a bell-shaped product that is inserted into the vagina during menstruation. It stores the menstrual fluid and thus preventing it from leaking onto clothes. The small, flexible cup is generally made from latex or silicone, and instead of absorbing the liquid like a pad or tampon does, it catches and collects it.

It takes women a cycle or two to correctly place it, but once done properly it can collect the fluid for up to 12 hours, unlike conventional methods that need to be changed every few hours. The reusable varieties can last up to a decade, and that is also one of the pros. Once it is filled, all that is needed to be done is empty it, wash with soap and water and replace. So the eco-friendly qualities notwithstanding, it is also light on the pocket, and easy to use. Since the cup forms an airtight seal, it holds more and is also good for overnight protection. There is also less odor. The biggest pro that is attracting more and more women towards menstrual cups is that it is reportedly safer to use than a pad or tampon. There would be no chafing or rash, and the occurrence of bacterial infections in the form of toxic shock syndrome would also be minimal.

Sure these cups can get a bit messy to handle, but they encourage the woman to engage with her body and that normalises menstruation to an extent. The idea is not to be ashamed of period blood, or feel that there’s a need to run away from it. The cups come in different sizes, according to the age and flow. However, according to a 2011 study, these cups can induce irritation to the point of discomfort for the woman, hence it is important to sterilise them between cycles, and empty them at least twice a day.

No matter whatever be your product of choice, to each their own. But the fact that women have been internalised to see their period as ‘unhygienic’, or ‘dirty’ poses a bigger threat than the ones posed by using pads or tampons. Keeping all these social stigmas aside, the recent trends in sanitary products shows that the use of menstrual cups is definitely increasing as more and more women are getting educated about its advantages!

Fever in kids – what you need to know

Fever in kids can be extremely troubling and scary for the parents. You think you have been taking all the precautions, but your child still develops a fever. Fever in kids is extremely common and most often treatable. Here’s everything you need to know about fever in kids so that you know when to relax and when to take medical help.

What causes fever?

Fever in itself is a symptom, not a disease. Fever is a normal way for a child to fight an infection. The first step would be to check your child’s temperature with a thermometer. In case of mild fever, make sure your kid has lots of rest and fluids and he/she would get better in no time.

Most fevers in children are caused due to viral infections. It could seldom be bacterial, but if it is bacterial fever, it could be a matter of concern. Fever happens as a result of rising temperatures inside the body to kill the infection, which is why viral infections take their own sweet time to come down, and antibiotics seldom help. Other causes of high body temperature include immunisations but this should only happen within 48 hours of the process.

What should be done in case of fever?

If your infant is under 3 months and develops fever, go see a doctor. If fever persists for more than 5 days, it requires medical attention. This is because a viral or bacterial fever should naturally subside within 5 days. However if fever is more than 102.5 – 103 degrees, then seek medical help immediately. Sometimes kids are more cranky and miserable than usual and that could also require medical attention just to ward off any possibility of a dangerous infection. Checking for other signs would also help to diagnose how sick the kid is which is crucial for their quick treatment. If they are unresponsive, drowsy, pale, feel too hot or cold to touch or refuse to take liquids, along with a fever then report the symptoms to your doctor immediately.

The most important thing would be to not panic. Though that’s easier said than done, you as a caretaker have to try to remain stoic to take quick and rightful measures to make your precious one healthy again.

Precautions to be taken

However, just because kids are susceptible to fever doesn’t mean you can’t resort to certain preventive measures and protect your kid from infections. Since most fevers in little humans are caused due to viral and bacterial infections, everyday routine that takes care of personal and household hygiene would definitely help. Keep hands clean and wash with soap and water few times a day. Food should be consumed with clean hands. A balanced and healthy diet full of nutrients would also help in keeping any type of illness at bay. Avoid the spread of germs by covering mouth while coughing or sneezing. Last but not the least, make sure your kid has ample amount of sleep and rest time every day!