Natural Home Remedies for Cuts, Bruises and Burns

The use of natural remedies to treat small injuries at home is something we all have grown up with. Back in the days when Dr. Mom used to take something out of the kitchen pantry or garden to treat that minor cut or provide instant relief against a small burn. The remedies were effective in treating minor skin wounds and burns by preventing infection, speeding up the healing process, and reducing scarring.

There are several herbs and kitchen ingredients that help accelerate the healing process of minor wounds. Listed below are some safe home remedies and easy-to-remember tips for minor cuts, bruises and burns.

Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is an effective anti-inflammatory that can provide instant relief against minor burns and small wounds. Many aloe vera products are available in the market. However, using fresh aloe can provide maximum benefits. To use, cut the leaf horizontally and scoop the gel out with a spoon or spatula. Apply a thin layer of this gel directly to your skin to soothe burns or calm irritated skin.

Turmeric 

Turmeric’s natural anti-oxidant and anti-bacterial properties make it an incredible home remedy for treating small cuts and wounds. If applied directly to a bleeding wound, it will clot immediately. Plus, oral consumption of turmeric can accelerate the healing process.

Coconut oil

Coconut oil has antifungal and antibiotic properties that help in healing and preventing secondary infections in open wounds. Apply it directly to the area with a cotton ball or clean fingers, rubbing it into the wound gently. It is a great moisturizing agent for the skin and is known for noticeably reduce scarring.

Raw honey

Raw honey can work wonders for minor cuts. Just clean the wound and apply a thin layer of raw honey, then close securely. Before you will know, the natural sweetener will do the trick. Most importantly, it prevents any bacterial infection due to its fabulous antibacterial properties. Mixing it with onion promotes faster healing.

Teabags 

Treat bleeding wounds, cuts, and burns by placing a cool and moistened tea bag against the affected area. The caffeine in tea apparently shrinks the blood vessels, when applied with a little pressure on the bleeding wounds. For gaining maximum benefits, use chamomile. The incredible herb has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that are known to speed the rate of healing.

Disclaimer 

These natural healing solutions provide an immediate cure for minor injuries. See a doctor for more severe cuts and burns that could require sutures or dressing. Additionally, check the wound daily for any signs of infection, such as redness or swelling, pain, or itching. If any of these symptoms persist contact your healthcare practitioner.

Screen Time for kids: How much is too much?

In a world full of gadgets and technology, adults and kids’ access to electronic devices like tablets, mobiles and laptops has dramatically increased. Screens are widely used for education, communication and entertainment. Thus, making it difficult for parents to determine the right amount of screen time for their children and themselves.

However, the kids’ screen time has become a bigger concern these days. This is a rising concern not only amongst parents, but also amongst the health practitioners and governments around the world that are advising parents to limit kids’ screen time. Various studies suggest that screens may have critical effects on a child’s development when they begin using electronic devices such as mobiles and tabs at an early age. According to WHO, screen time for children between the age group of  2-5 years should be no more than one hour per day and kids below two years of age should not be exposed to it at all.

There is a lot of advice and emerging research around screen time that suggests children who spend long periods in front of the screen are more likely to have poor physical, social and intellectual development. This is enough for any parent to be concerned. However, considering the fact that these days devices like mobiles and tabs are part of their kids’ lives, outright denying access may not be an option anymore.

Thankfully, there are sensible and evidence-based ways to limit screen time among kids. Here’s how to go about it:

Limit Screen Time

Set rules. There is no one better than a parent to decide what’s good and bad for your children. Limit the screen time for your kids to not more than 30 minutes. However, as you take this decision, make sure to involve your children in the conversation so that they understand why you’re setting screen limits for them.

Monitor Screen Time

There is no denying the fact that the internet can be one source of learning and increasing awareness for children. It helps develop their skills and interests. However, it is important to monitor what they are accessing, making sure that the screens are used optimally and not for watching inappropriate content.

Introduce Active Play 

Setting time limits and alarms for restricting screen time may not be enough. As parents, you must foster a culture where physical fitness and health take priority over everything else. Introduce growth-promoting activities at home, take kids to play outdoors, participate with them in creative crafts and activities, and inculcate the habit of reading books.

Encourage Family Time 

Start with having a ‘NO SCREEN’ policy during meal times. Try to engage in non-screen-based activities and entertainment whenever possible. However, this doesn’t mean that you can’t get involved in using screens together. A specified amount of screen time can be useful and enjoyable for families travelling, on sick days or on weekends.

Lead by Example

This should take precedence over everything else. Kids learn from their parents. The biggest mistake parents can commit is to tell their kids that screens are harmful and then check their phone.Be a role model for your kids.  Use your devices only when necessary and do indulge in other activities that you enjoy. Hence, showing your kids that electronic devices like mobiles, tabs and laptops are not the only way for education and entertainment. There are various other activities that they should indulge in.

Overhydration – The Risks It Holds

Water is important for all living things to lead a healthy life. There are many health benefits of consuming water. Few being, it helps carry nutrients in our body, proper digestion, weight loss and prevents dehydration. But did you know drinking too much water could be harmful to your health? Too much water is a bigger threat than too little. Drinking too much water can lead to Overhydration/Water intoxication. Confusion, nausea, vomiting, headache, and disorientation are some of the symptoms of water intoxication. Severe cases of water intoxication can lead to coma and death.

Water intoxication can also lead to hyponatremia and impaired brain functions. Hyponatremia is characterized by electrolyte imbalance or low sodium concentration in blood. Sodium levels decrease below 135mEq/L blood serum. Sodium helps in cell signaling and various other functions in the body. Due to a drop in the levels of sodium one starts feeling nauseous, disoriented and in some cases, they experience a headache. And as mentioned earlier in severe cases water intoxication can lead to death. The swelling of the cells is also caused by water intoxication. When sodium levels are lower in the body, water enters the cells through the semipermeable membrane through osmosis. The swelling of the cells, including brain cells, causes serious damage to the muscle tissue, organs, and the brain.

When one is overhydrated will experience diarrhea and prolonged sweating. A decrease in potassium ions called hypokalemia can also be detected in patients having water intoxication. When one drinks too much water, the balance between intracellular and extracellular potassium ions is hampered. Low sodium in the blood can cause the brain to swell up.  It also overburdens the heart. Water intoxication can lead to heart failure in patients undergoing dialysis. Too much water increases the volume of blood inside the body. This exerts unnecessary pressure on the blood vessels and the heart. It might also lead to seizures sometimes.

Overhydration can also cause Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). It also lowers plasma levels of arginine vasopressin that helps in preventing the kidney to function. Maintaining homeostasis would become very difficult if the fluid level is too high. Liver problems, frequent urination, chlorine overdose, potential risk of coma are some of the other complications that might arise from water intoxication.

According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, the daily fluid intake varies and depends on the person’s age, sex, medical conditions and daily activity. The National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine recommends women to drink 2.7 litres and men to drink 3.7 litres of water on a daily basis.

In order to treat water intoxication or overhydration, one should immediately stop drinking too much water, seek medical attention and stop any medication that is causing water retention in the body. The patient might be given diuretics and administer sodium to bring back the balance in the body fluids.

Water is good for our well-being as long as we do not drink too much. Too much and too little water is bad for our health. So, it is right to consume just enough water required. If you feel nauseous after drinking water, seek medical attention immediately.

What is Thalassemia?

It is important to understand the medical condition first before you go further into understanding its causes, symptoms, and treatment. So, let’s understand what Thalassemia is. Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder in which the body produces an abnormal form of hemoglobin. What is Haemoglobin? Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. This blood disorder of producing an inadequate amount of hemoglobin results in the destruction of red blood cells in a large number, which eventually leads to anemia.

Thalassemia is caused due to the mutation of one’s genes that are involved in the production of hemoglobin. This disorder is passed on to you by your parents. If one of the parents is the carrier, then you are likely to get thalassemia minor, but if both the parents are carriers, then you will inherit a serious form of the blood disorder. The symptoms are usually seen within the first two years of the child’s birth, but there are cases where the symptoms are seen soon after the baby is born.

Most of the common symptoms are:

1. Fatigue

2. Weakness

3. Pale or yellow skin tone

4. Delayed growth

5. Bone deformities

6. Dark urine

The diagnosis of Thalassemia can be confirmed with a blood test. The lab technician checks for the number of red blood cells and abnormalities in the size, shape, or color. Blood tests can also help in DNA analysis to look for mutated genes. Prenatal testing is another way to diagnose thalassemia and severity. Tests used to diagnose Thalassemia in fetuses include Chorionic Villus Sampling and Amniocentesis. Chorionic Villus Sampling is done usually in the 11th week of pregnancy. This test involves removing a tiny piece of the placenta for evaluation. And Amniocentesis is usually done in the 16th week of pregnancy. This includes examining a sample of the fluid that surrounds the fetus.

Mild forms of Thalassemia do not need treatment. However, for moderate to severe Thalassemia, treatments include:

Blood Transfusions: Severe forms of Thalassemia require frequent blood transfusions, possibly every few weeks. Blood transfusions cause a build-up of iron in the blood over the course of time, which can cause damage in the heart, liver, and other organs. To avoid this from happening, Chelation Therapy is required.

Chelation Therapy: This treatment is used to remove excess iron from the blood to keep your health in check. Frequent blood transfusions can result in building up the iron in the blood which is dangerous for your health. Having said that, there are chances that you would have excess iron in the blood even without blood transfusion. Thus, it is important to keep a check on your health from time to time.

Stem Cell Transplant: It is also known as bone marrow transplant. It might prove to be beneficial in some cases. For Children with severe Thalassemia, it can eliminate the need for lifelong blood transfusions and drugs to control iron overload.

Some lifestyle changes and home remedies might also work with Thalassemia patients. Avoiding excess iron, eating healthy diets, and avoiding getting infections can also help the patients.
You can’t skip from inheriting thalassemia from your parents, but it surely can be treated. If you carry a Thalassemia gene or have Thalassemia, consider talking to a genetic counselor for guidance when you are planning to have children.

  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thalassemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355001
  2. https://www.hoacny.com/patient-resources/blood-disorders/what-thalassemias/other-names-thalassemias/treatment-thalassemias
  3. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14508-thalassemias/management-and-treatment

The Importance of Decompressing After a Long Workday.

Stress is one of the major health concerns that are plaguing all the generations, especially the working population. Stress has been connected to everything from seizures and high blood pressure to the common cold and depression. Therefore relaxing is important. It is required for a long and healthy life.

It is difficult to find relaxation while working therefore it is important that you unwind in a productive way after you are home. Relaxation can take place at home and during the weekends. Creating a space in your home to unwind after a tough day can be one of the ways of decompressing. Your home should be viewed as a retreat from all the stress of work, however, this is not always true. There are kids at home, chores to be done and various other responsibilities at home. Therefore you would have to have a designated place where you can unwind and relax. All of it depends upon the balance of home and work. The three most important things that one has to keep in mind while designating an unwinding space at home are versatility, comfort and style. The space should not only be a place to take a nap, if you like listening to music, place music players and speakers, if you like reading, put a shelf with books on it.

 Leaving work at the office is also one of the most important ways in which you can make sure to come back home and relax. Bringing work with you at home will only add to the stress and will have detrimental effects on your health. Physically leaving work at the office is what should be done. Turn off your computer, do not check your mails and stop work related communication until the next morning. However, leaving work mentally once one is headed home is more difficult. This involves forgetting about the impending deadlines and work.

Meditation can also help you to unwind after the busy schedule. There are numerous benefits of meditation. Psychologist Robbie Maller Hartman says that daily meditation may alter the brain’s neural pathways, making you more resilient to stress. The aim is to put you in a relaxed state of mind.

Avoiding procrastination can also help reduce stress. Getting the chores done in time will help you to relax more. By getting things done earlier in the day, one can relax for the rest of the evening without constantly thinking about it.

Spending time to observe your surroundings can also help you to relax. However, this needs a little practice. It yields astounding results. Turn off all your unnecessary stimuli and try harnessing your thoughts for a few moments. Try focusing on the various items in your surroundings, it can be the lamp, the indoor plants etc. As you’re looking at various elements, notice all of the details, ridges, textures and colors. Once you lose focus of one item, move to the next. This forces you to drown out other thoughts and rein in your mind. After doing this for a few minutes, you’ll find it easier to relax for a longer period of time. Deep-breathing, self-massage, taking a walk, exercising, going outdoors, taking a day off etc can also help you decompress after a long and tiring day at work.

The art of relaxation can be learnt if practiced efficiently. It will help you to be more productive and also keep you healthy and away from various lifestyle diseases. Right ways of decompressing after a long work day can actually save your life.

 

The double helix: The discovery of what makes us ‘US’

It is not too long since the discovery of what makes us ‘Us’ was finally put forth. This discovery is considered as one of the momentous discoveries of the 20th century in the field of biological science. In the year 1953, an American biologist James Watson and English Physicist Francis Crick submitted their paper on the “Molecular structure of nucleic acids” disclosing the double helix structure of DNA. This twisted-ladder structure of deoxyribonucleic acid(DNA) submitted by them is still recognized as a milestone in the history of Science. It paved the way to modern molecular biology, the area of science that studies genes and its roles. This study and the knowledge gained from the same to date, have helped in numerous developments in the field of medicine, especially in improved disease diagnosis and in the discovery of plenty of new drugs.

However, Watson and Crick weren’t the first ones to come up with these findings. DNA was discovered many years ago by a Swiss chemist named Friedrich Miescher by the late 1860s. But he nor his successors were able to present an actual shape for DNA. But all those studies and researches laid a scientific foundation to Watson and Crick’s study, who finally proclaimed the most groundbreaking discovery that DNA is a three-dimensional double-helix shaped molecule.

The road to this discovery was not at all easy. It was confusing and complicated. When Florence Bell and William Astbury acquired the first X-Ray diffraction pattern of DNA in the year 1938, they portrayed it as “a close succession of flat or flattish nucleotides standing out perpendicularly to the long axis of the molecule to form a relatively rigid structure”. The existence of RNA and the presence of genetic information in DNA was already founded by 1944. Although the scientists didn’t know the structural and chemical structure of DNA, they started calling it “gene” by the early 1950s, considering DNA to be the smallest unit of genetic information. After multiple failures, by the time Watson and Crick formulated an exact description of DNA’s molecular complex, they knew that this “gene” has been replicating itself since the first life on this earth which was some four billion years ago.

Now, this double-helix molecule is not just a microscopic organic structure. The discovery made by James Watson and Francis Crick with the help of the findings by their predecessors now represents ‘Us’ and what makes us ‘Us’. We share our DNA with a lot of living things, some feel natural and the others feel odd, we share about 98% of our DNA with chimps and almost 50% with bananas! The understanding of evolution, history, or even the mystery behind our unique behaviors would have remained unsolved without the discovery of DNA and its molecular structure. The knowledge gained from all these understandings now acts as the pillar of many current advances in ethics, science, and medicine like genetic fingerprinting, forensic, etc. That is how the double helix, the face of DNA, became the face of modern biological science as well.

 

World Parkinson’s Day: Treating for Normalcy

Parkinson’s disease is the world’s second most common neurodegenerative disorder behind Alzheimer’s. April is Parkinson’s Awareness month, with 11th April being Parkinson’s awareness day. People need to be more informed about the disorder in order to understand the patients and be sensitive towards them. Each year international communities come together on this day to raise awareness of the illness. With events taking place across the globe, experts are constantly trying to raise vital funds for research and cure.

Parkinson’s is caused by a loss of a nerve cell in the part of the brain called the substantia nigra. Experts believe it is a combination of genetic and environmental factors that contribute to the damage of nerve cells in the brain. Parkinson’s is a degenerative disorder, which means that over time, the brain of an individual living with the disease becomes more damaged. The dopamine level in the body is affected by Parkinson’s. Dopamine is responsible for transmitting signals between nerve cells in the brain. The main symptom of Parkinson’s involves the involuntary shaking, slower movements and the usual stiffness in the muscles. Other symptoms may include difficulty balancing, nerve pain, incontinence, insomnia, excessive sweating, depression and anxiety.

While there is no known cure for Parkinson’s Disorder, symptoms may be controlled through treatments. The most common form of treatment used for Parkinson’s is medication.  With the help of drug treatments, doctors aim at increasing the dopamine level that reaches the brain and stimulates the parts of the brain where dopamine works. However, the medication for each person differs according to their vitals. As the symptoms of the disorder progress, the drugs used to treat the condition may need to be changed. While the drug treatment may help to manage Parkinson’s symptoms, it cannot slow the progression of the disease. Supportive treatments like physiotherapy and occupational therapy also prove to be helpful for people with Parkinson’s. Sometimes brain surgeries are also done to improve the condition.

Many people respond well to treatments and only experience mild to moderate disability, whereas a minority of people may not respond well to the treatments, and in time can become seriously disabled. Carbidopa/Levodopa remains the most effective symptomatic therapy and is available in many strengths and formulations. It also may be used in combination with other classes of medications including Dopamine Agonists, COMT Inhibitors, MAO Inhibitors, and Anticholinergic agents. Physical therapy can improve gait and direct an individual to the right exercise regimen. Occupational therapy can be used to maximize fine motor skills. Speech therapy can be useful to address speech and language problems that may arise with Parkinson’s.

Parkinson’s does not directly cause people to die. However, the condition can place great strain for the body and cause some people to become vulnerable to serious illness and life-threatening infections. With advances in treatment, most people with Parkinson’s now have normal or near-normal life expectancy.

Autism

According to WHO Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a range of conditions characterised by some degree of impaired social behaviour, communication and language, and a narrow range of interests and activities that are both unique to the individual and carried out repetitively. A certain set of behaviours defines Autism. It is a “spectrum-condition” that affects people differently and to varying degrees. There is no known cause of Autism. Early diagnosis helps the individual to receive help and support required to lead a quality life. It causes problems functioning in the society. Children often show symptoms in the first year. However sometimes children appear to develop normally in the first year and then go through a period of regression between 18 and 24 months when they develop Autism symptoms.

It is estimated that 1 in every 160 children have autism worldwide. The prevalence of ASD appears to be increasing globally. Environment and genetics are believed to be the primary causes of Autism. Intervention is required in the early years to tackle autism. For the optimal development and well being of a child with autism, routine monitoring of child development, maternal and child health care is required. There is no cure for autism. However evidence-based psychological interventions such as behavioural treatment and skills training programmes for parents and caregivers reduces the difficulties in communication and social behaviour. The complex health-care needs of people with ASD require a wide range of integrated services like health promotion, care, rehabilitation services and collaboration with other sectors like education, employment and social care.

Some of the signs and symptoms to look for in early infancy are reduced eye contact, lack of response to their name and indifference to care givers. Some children may have normal development in the early years and then become withdrawn or aggressive. They may also lose language skills that they had already developed. Sings are usually seen by the age of 2 years. Each child with autism spectrum disorder is likely to have a unique pattern of behaviour and level of severity, from low to high functioning. Some children have difficulty learning and lower IQ. However, some may have high intelligence and learn quickly yet have trouble communicating and applying their knowledge in everyday life and adjusting to situations. It is often seen that children with ASD use a singsong or robotic voice to communicate, does not understand simple sentences, questions and directions, is expressionless with emotions and feelings, inappropriately approaches a social situation with passive-aggressiveness or disruptiveness, has difficulty understanding non-verbal cues such as understanding facial expressions, body postures or tone of voice. They often perform repetitive movements such as rocking, spinning or hand flapping, self-harming activities such as head-banging and biting.

As they get older some children to become more engaged and show fewer disturbances in behaviour. Others with severe conditions will continue to have difficulty in social skills and the teen years would bring in worse behavioural and emotional problems.

If you’re concerned about your child’s development or you suspect that your child may have autism spectrum disorder, discuss your concerns with your doctor. The symptoms associated with the disorder can also be linked with other developmental disorders.

Epilepsy: Is there a cure?

The diagnosis of epilepsy comes with numerous questions like whether it will be cured, or whether there is any specific drug available to treat it. Doctors claim that there are hundreds of different epilepsy syndromes, which involves many different types of seizures. Therefore pinpointing a particular kind of treatment for epilepsy is very difficult.

Epilepsy may be inherited or it may not. Some people also inherit an abnormally active version of a gene that is resistant to drugs. This is the reason why people sometimes have a hard time controlling their seizures with medication. Even if the seizures look different, they all start at the same place. However, they cannot be treated in the same way.  All of them start in the brain. They are caused by a sudden change in the way the brain cells send electrical signals back and forth. A doctor has to have an accurate diagnosis of the exact type of epilepsy a person has in order to treat it properly.

For most people seizures are controlled through medication. However, for some people, there is no proper response to the medication. If the seizures continue despite all the efforts, specialized surgery may be the answer. All surgeries entail some risk but fortunately for epilepsy surgeries, the risks are low. Surgery in epilepsy contributes to a far better way of life.

There are various other treatment options available for epilepsy, they are:

Dietary changes: It refers to a strict meal plan to help children whose seizures are not controlled by medicine. It involves close working with the doctor and a dietician. It starts out with a fast that lasts 24 to 48 hours. The patient is usually admitted to the hospital for this span of time so that they can be observed. After that, they are required to have foods that are high in fat and low in carbohydrates.

Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS): A VNS is surgically placed in the chest that delivers short bursts of energy to the brain. It works a lot like a pacemaker. Scientists have found that a VNS reduces seizures by 40% to 50%. However, it does not work this effectively for everyone.

Responsive Neurostimulation Device (RNS): This treatment method consists of a small neurostimulator implanted under the scalp and within the skull. The neurostimulator is connected to one or two wires called electrodes. These electrodes are placed where the seizures are expected to originate within the brain or the surface of the brain. The device detects abnormal electrical activity in the area and delivers electrical stimulation to normalize brain activity before seizure symptoms begin.

Epilepsy makes one feel like they do not have control over their own lives. It is important to work in partnership with the doctor, be updated about any kind of information, like about the seizures or the side effects of the medication and ask questions. There are many ways to get help and maintain a happy, healthy and productive life.

The simple prescription to beating #COVID-19 -Social Distancing

The simple prescription to beating #COVID-19 -Social Distancing

Pandemonium. From panic buying to end of the world conspiracies. The internet is full of conjectures about the Coronavirus. While some downplay it by saying ‘it is a regular flu’ to some predicting the ‘death of millions’ and calling it a ‘plague’. There is just too much misinformation floating around. It is rightly being called an ‘infodemic one is bound to feel easily overwhelmed.

At the very outset, let’s make one thing clear. While it would be irresponsible to say that the Coronavirus is a regular flu.  But it isn’t a death sentence either. The World Health Organisation (WHO) and multiple other health organizations have tried to persuade everyone to not panic, but it has done little to calm the mass.

What is a pandemic? Does Pandemic mean deathly?

NO. Pandemic means the sustained and continuous transmission of the disease, simultaneously in more than three different geographical regions. Pandemic does not refer to the lethality of a virus but to its transmissibility and geographical extension.

Why should one not panic?

The recovery rate is promising: So far, the world has seen 246,760 cases of COVID-19, out of which the death toll has been 10,062. While the total number of recoveries seen, add up to 88,488.  Other diseases like Smallpox, Influenza, Cholera, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), and Plague have had a much higher death count than that of COVID-19. The point is not to underplay the severity, but to explain that if controlled in time, we could very well stop the spread of the virus.

The solution is simple: While there is no vaccination right now, doctors and scientists are working tirelessly to ensure we find a cure. But in the meantime, there is a simple solution. To keep away from people who might be sick. The constant reminder by the medical professionals and health institutes is to self-quarantine and practice social distancing. The need of the hour is to understand that it can happen to anybody, and the only way to keep ourselves safe is by seclusion.

Prepare, not panic. That’s the mantra. We can all go about our daily lives once this is over. The good news is that we know what COVID-19 is and how it presents. The recovery rate is about 80% or even higher. In fact, most patients show mild or no symptoms. A 14-21 day quarantine is all that’s needed.

Stay by yourself: In an age of high-speed internet, it has never been simpler to keep in touch with family and friends than now. Do not panic. If you are getting anxious you can always call your family no matter where you are.

The virus spreads through contact with the eyes, nose, and mouth: A huge reason why the spread of the virus will be contained is that people have started practicing right-hand hygiene habits. From washing hands for 20 seconds to coughing and sneezing into their elbows and not touching their faces. These habits will go a long way in combating the virus.

The virus dies very easily: Just Soap. That’s all. Regular soap is sufficient to kill the Coronavirus. Washing your hands thoroughly and frequently especially before eating food or touching your face is all that’s needed.

One thing that has become amply clear is that the onus of containing the virus is on each of us. So being truthful is an absolute must. If there is one thing that will help healthcare professionals working everywhere, round the clock, will be complete honesty from patients. Being honest about one’s health, travel history and symptoms is the need of the hour. Thinking about the community and society will minimize the risk of others getting infected. Especially those who have compromised immune systems like cancer patients, children or the elderly.

There are reasons to be optimistic, as there are ways to contain the virus and lessons to learn for the future. Prevention, preparedness, and people can help assuage fears. We are in this together and we can do the right things with calm and protect ourselves.

 Do not worry, if you have any symptoms, track them, if they do not subside contact a doctor. Based on your travel history, potential contact with someone who has tested positive COVID-19 and on the severity of your symptoms. The doctor should be able to guide you to the right channels.

Do not take any drastic measures and do not fall for rumors and false information. To stay informed and prepared is very important.