5 questions every woman ought to ask about PCOS


What is PCOS?

PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a medical condition in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance. Simply put, women with PCOS don’t ovulate every month, their cycles are very irregular and they might develop cysts in their ovaries. If you have PCOS your bodywill not process carbohydrates properly and produce too much insulin, which in turn cause your ovaries to release excess amounts of testosterone.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

PCOS symptoms tend to be mild in the beginning, but can progressively have far-reaching effects on your health. Women with PCOS struggle with their weight, skin conditions like acne, extra hair on their face and body, and thinning hair on their scalps, all of which can make them feel unattractive. Irregular periods – fewer than nine a year, fertility problems and depression are other common symptoms.

What causes PCOS?

The exact causes of PCOS remain unknown, but are generally thought to be a combination of hereditary and lifestyle factors. If other women in your family have PCOS or irregular periods, or even diabetes you are particularly at risk.

Should I be worried about PCOS?

PCOS affects 1 in 10 women worldwide.  However, early diagnosis can help control the symptoms and prevent potential complications of PCOS like diabetes and heart disease. If you have a family history of PCOS or have any of the typical symptoms, you should see a doctor. No single test can confirm if you have PCOS. Your doctor will talk to you about your medical history, do a physical exam, and run some tests.

How do I beat PCOS?

A balanced diet, regular exercise, medication to balance your hormones and not smoking, go a long way in dealing with the symptoms of PCOS. However treatments depend on your symptoms and it’s important to consult a doctor before the symptoms worsen. You can take the first steps to tackling PCOS by registering for a specially designed PCOS Package at Vikram Hospital Bengaluru. The package includes consultations with an Endocrinologist, Gynaecologist and Dietician, and lab tests – FSH, LH; T3 T4, TSH, Serum Prolactin; FBS; PPBS; Serum Insulin; Free Testosterone; USG-Abdomen & Pelvis. Avail a 30% discount on the PCOS Package at Vikram Hospital, Bengaluru between July 20 and Aug 20. Call 88844-16662to fix an appointment today.

Vikram Hospital (Bengaluru) Pvt. Ltd. 71/1, Millers Road, Opp. St. Anne’s College, Bengaluru. www.vikramhospital.com

Rare Cancer- Real Trouble

Carcinophobia could grip anyone who figures out that there are more than 200 different types of cancer that develop from different types of cells in different parts of the body.  Some of these cancers are termed ‘rare’ because fewer than 2 in 100,000 people are diagnosed with it each year.

On medical terms, a cancer could be considered rare if it develops in an unusual site in the body

  • Retinoblastoma that develops from the immature cells of a retina
  • Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans develops in  the deep layers of the skin
  • Male breast cancer
  • Heart cancer
  • Esthesioneuroblastoma involving nasal cavity .

Cancer is also termed rare if it needs specialized treatment procedures.

  • Angiosarcoma of the breast is treated differently to most other breast cancers.
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor which needs specialized treatment when compared to the other common cancers of the digestive tract.

Rare cancers seem like vampires; scary, unheard of, with little or no information available. Many feel isolated because they are less likely to meet other people with the same type, thus denying any chances of sharing experiences or finding support.  In some cases, the patient may need to travel to a specialist hospital or doctor for treatment. Coping with rare cancer is a real challenge.  Inaccurate or delayed diagnosis is a major obstacle for the proper treatment of such patients with which could lead to poor prognosis.