There are 100 billion neurons in our brain, merely the same as the number of stars in the Milky Way galaxy. That’s why neurosurgery is a critical part of the medical science. Neurosurgery or neurological surgery is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.
General Neurosurgery is the practice where a neurosurgeon handles most of the neurosurgery conditions including neuro-trauma and other neuro-emergencies such as intracranial haemorrhage. This is followed in so many hospitals around the globe.
Specialized branches in neurosurgery have also developed to handle special and difficult conditions. These specialized branches co-exist with general neurosurgery in more advanced hospitals. Neurosurgery in Bangalore is also done in accordance with general neurosurgeons in many hospitals and also with specialized neurosurgeons in hospitals like Vikram Hospitals. Some of these divisions of neurosurgery are:
- Vascular and Endovascular neurosurgery
Vascular and Endovascular neurosurgery is a subspecialty within neurosurgery that uses catheters and radiology to diagnose and is used to treat various conditions and diseases of the central nervous system (brain and the spinal cord). This medical specialty is also called neurointerventional surgery.
- Stereotactic, Functional and Epilepsy neurosurgery
Stereotactic neurosurgery is a method to localize and then treat targets within the brain in a minimally invasive manner. It is used for both diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Epilepsy neurosurgery, as the name suggests aims to treat patient with a condition called Epilepsy. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
- Oncological neurosurgery
Oncology is the study of cancer and tumours. Oncological neurosurgery provides comprehensive evaluation, diagnosis and treatment for patients with malignant tumours of the brain and spinal cord and other cancer-related neurological problems of the central and peripheral nervous system.
- Skull-Base Surgery
Skull base surgery is done to remove both benign and cancerous growths, and abnormalities on the underside of the brain, the skull base, or the top few vertebrae of the spinal column. As this is a difficult area to see and reach, skull base surgery may be done by a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure in which instruments are inserted through the natural openings in the skull—the nose or mouth—or by making a small hole just above the eyebrow. This type of surgery requires a team of specialists that may include ENT (ear, nose, and throat) surgeons, neurosurgeons, and radiologists.
- Peripheral nerve surgery
Peripheral Nerve Surgery requires the finest neurosurgical talent in the area of nerve repair surgeries. Peripheral Nerve Surgery involves surgeries to repair Brachial plexus injury, Carpal tunnel syndrome, Foot drop injury, Malignant nerve sheath tumours, Meralgia paresthetica, Nerve compressions and entrapments, Nerve tumours, Neurofibromas, Schwannomas, Spinal accessory nerve injury, Tarsal tunnel syndrome, Thoracic outlet syndrome and Traumatic nerve injury.
- Paediatric neurosurgery
Paediatric neurosurgeons provide a complete range of general and specialized neurosurgical services for children and adolescents suffering from injuries, disease and malformations in nervous system. Paediatric neurosurgeons execute surgeries to repair Brain and spinal Tumours in children, Congenital Malformations of the Brain and Spine of Children, Craniofacial Syndromes, Craniosynostosis / Craniostenosis, Paediatric Epilepsy, Hydrocephalus, Skeletal dysplasia, Spinal dysraphism/ spine bifida, Traumatic Brain and Spinal Injuries. Paediatric neurosurgeons uncommon in most of the hospitals but Vikram Hospitals in Bangalore have Mrs. Veena Sheshadri who holds specialisation in the field.
Neurosurgery, as we see is a crucial medical specialty and usually needs great expertise to practice it. But when it comes to neurosurgery in Bangalore, we all have our best choice and that is Vikram Hospitals.